An Uncertain Future - PhMuseum

An Uncertain Future

Tommaso Rada

2017 - Ongoing

Brazil

The Portuguese colonisation and the Atlantic Slave Trade are the historical reasons at the bases of the presence of black African people in Brazil. From the XVI century, African black people — mostly from the Western African region — where captured and deported to Brazil to work as slaves in the plantations and the mines.

The Quilombos are Brazilian settlement founded by people of African origin; most of the founders of these communities were escaped slaves. Especially with President Lula da Silva, the rights of the Quilombolas (ownership of the lands and right of been recognised as communities) were finally recognised.

The 28th of October, Jair Bolsonaro, a right wing Brazilian politician, was elected ad President of Brazil. During his campaign, Mr Bolsonaro declared that will revocate the land concessions gave to the indios and Quilombola Communities. In one occasion during a speech he claims “I have visited a Quilombo. The slimmer Afro-descent weighted 7 arrobas” (around 15 kg, the arroba was a unit of weight used during the slavery period). “They do nothing. I think they aren’t good even for procreation. the Brazil waste more than 1 billion of Reais with them”. Brazil has always had racism problems and it systematically hid is past of slavery, today with the election of this new President it reach a peak.

The Quilombo’s Communities and few other institutions like the Slavery Museum in Belo Vale are the last witness of a past that the modern Brazil doesn’t recognise and would like to forget.

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  • Cananeia, Brasil. Quilombo do Mandira. The wife of the youngest son of Chico Mandira takes a break in front of the tv inside her house.

  • Belo Vale. Brazil. An object used to torture slaves is seen in the Slavery Museum of Belo Vale. The Slavery Museum is one of the few institution in Brazil that shows the slavery past of the Country.

  • Santa Rosa dos Pretos, Maranhão, Brazil. A drummer od the Quilombo of Santa Rosa dos Pretos. Drums are an essential part of the Afro-Brazilian culture. In Santa Rosa dos Pretos the drumming tradition was lost until the women of the Quilombo started to play again. Today around 30 people play the drums during the festivity, most of them are women.

  • Santa Rosa dos Pretos, Maranhão, Brazil. A girl of the Quilombo ride her bike in the internal street of Santa Rosa dos Pretos. The BR 135 Road cut in the middle the Quilombo, in the past several people and animals got killed crossing the high traffic street. Now the company that run the road is planning to increase the size of it, this would cause the eviction from their houses of 300 families belonging to the Quilombo.

  • Santa Rosa do Pretos, Maranhão, Brazil. People from the Quilombo Santa Rosa dos Pretos during a religious festivity.

  • Belo Vale. Brazil. An object used to torture slaves is seen in the Slavery Museum of Belo Vale. The Slavery Museum is one of the few institution in Brazil that shows the slavery past of the Country.

  • Barcarena, Brazil. A Quilombo's community member sat in front of his house. In 2016 the Quilombo's communities denounced the pollution caused by the local Aluminium factory. Since then the Quilombo's communities members have received death threat.

  • Santa Rosa do Pretos, Maranhão, Brazil. Josiclea "Zica" Pires throws a rock agains the mining company train that cross the lands of the Quilombo. The construction of the rail dried a water channel used for fishing and irrigation by the people of the Quilombo. Today the community doesn't fish and farm any more.

  • Cananeia, Brasil. Quilombo do Mandira. Young boys belonging to the families of the Quilombo take care of the spring waters channels that arrive to the community.

  • Belo Vale. Brazil. An object used to torture slaves is seen in the Slavery Museum of Belo Vale. The Slavery Museum is one of the few institution in Brazil that shows the slavery past of the Country.

  • Cananeia, Brasil. Quilombo do Mandira. Men of the Quilombo do Mandira prepare the bags of Ayster that will be sold to the restaurant of the state of São Paulo.

  • Cananeia, Brasil. Quilombo do Mandira. During a rainy day the youngest son of Chico Mandira, the chief of the Quilombo, prepares the boat to retrieve some oyster from the oyster farm.

  • Santa Rosa dos Pretos, Maranhão, Brazil. A mother with her kids walk along the BR 135 road. The road cut in the middle the Quilombo, in the past several people and animals got killed crossing the high traffic street. Now the company that run the road is planning to increase the size of it, this would cause the eviction from their houses of 300 families belonging to the Quilombo.

  • Belo Vale. Brazil. An object used to torture slaves is seen in the Slavery Museum of Belo Vale. The Slavery Museum is one of the few institution in Brazil that shows the slavery past of the Country.


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