A Study of Assassination

  • “Murder is not morally justifiable. Killing a political leader whose burgeoning career is a clear and present danger to the cause of freedom may be held necessary.” - A Study of Assassination, 1954.

  • “The Assassin needs the usual qualities of a clandestine agent. He should be determined, courageous, intelligent, resourceful, and physically active.” - A Study of Assassination, 1954.

  • “Assassination is used here to describe the planned killing of a person who is not under the legal jurisdiction of the killer, who has been selected by a resistance organization for death, and whose death provides positive advantages to that organization.” - A Study of Assassination, 1954.

  • “Assassination is a term thought to be derived from “Hashish”, a drug similar to marijuana, said to have been used by Hasan-ibn-Sabah to induce motivation in his followers, who were assigned to carry out political and other murders, usually at the cost of their lives.” - A Study of Assassination, 1954.

  • “The decision to employ this technique must nearly always be reached in the field, at the area where the act will take place.” - A Study of Assassination, 1954.

  • “For secret assassinations, the contrived accident is the most effective technique. Elevator shafts, stair wells, unscreened windows and bridges will serve. Bridge falls into water are not reliable.” - A Study of Assassination, 1954.

  • “The simplest local tools are often much the most efficient means of assassination. A hammer, axe, wrench, screw driver, fire poker, kitchen knife, lamp stand, or anything hard, heavy and handy will suffice. All such improvised weapons have the important advantage of apparent innocence.” - A Study of Assassination, 1954.

  • “Assassination will never be ordered or authorized by any U.S. Headquarters, though the latter may in rare instances agree to it's execution by members of an associated foreign service.” - A Study of Assassination, 1954.

  • "Assassination of persons responsible for atrocities may be regarded as just punishment." - A Study of Assassination, 1954

  • “When the decision to assassinate has been reached, the tactics of the operation must be planned, based upon an estimate of the situation similar to that used in military operations. When all necessary data has been collected, an effective tactical plan can be prepared. All planning must be mental; no papers should ever contain evidence of the operation.” - A Study of Assassination, 1954.

  • “Obviously, successful secret assassinations are not recorded as assassinations at all.” - A Study of Assassination, 1954.

  • “The simplest local tools are often much the most efficient means of assassination. A hammer, axe, wrench, screw driver, fire poker, kitchen knife, lamp stand, or anything hard, heavy and handy will suffice. All such improvised weapons have the important advantage of apparent innocence.” - A Study of Assassination, 1954.

  • “The main advantage of blunt weapons is their universal availability. A hammer may be picked up anywhere in the world. Even a rock or heavy stick will do. Blows should be directed to the temple, the area just below and behind the ear, and the lower, rear portion of the skull. Of course, if the blow is very heavy, any portion of the upper skull will do.” - A Study of Assassination, 1954.

  • “Puncture wounds of the body cavity may not be reliable unless the heart is reached. The heart is protected by the rib cage and is not always easy to locate.” - A Study of Assassination, 1954.

  • “A human being may be killed in many ways but sureness is often overlooked by those who may be emotionally unstrung by the seriousness of the act they intend to commit.” - A Study of Assassination, 1954.

  • “In all types of assassination except terroristic, drugs can be very effective.” - A Study of Assassination, 1954.

  • "Except in terroristic assassinations, it is desirable that the assassin be transient in the area." - A Study of Assassination, 1954.

  • “In lost assassination, the assassin must be a fanatic of some sort. Since a fanatic is unstable psychologically, he must be handled with extreme care. He must not know the identities of the other members of the organization, for although it is intended that he die in the act, something may go wrong." - A Study of Assassination, 1954.

  • “If the assassin immediately sets up an outcry, playing the “horrified witness”, no alibi or surreptitious withdrawal is necessary.” - A Study of Assassination, 1954.

{"id":21259,"grant_id":12,"user_id":25642,"grant_submission_status_id":4,"grant_result_type_id":null,"cover_block_id":null,"story_id":17897,"place_id":null,"title":"A Study of Assassination","excerpt":null,"excerpt_raw":null,"body":"<p>In 1997, as part of the freedom of information act, a document was released by the CIA entitled \u201cA Study of Assassination.\u201d The document was undated and unsigned but had an estimated original publication date of 1953. The manual was released as part of a collection of Central Intelligence Agency files relating to the Guatemalan Destabilization Programme. The programme aimed to overthrow the newly democratically elected leader of Guatemala, Colonel Jacobo Arbenz Guzman, who had announced large scale land reforms. At that time, the largest land owner in Guatemala by far (and indeed Central America generally) was the US global corporation, The United Fruit Company. United Fruit - called the \u201cOctopus\u201d by Guatemalans - wielded massive power at the time, reaching its tentacle like arms deep into railroads, ports, shipping and especially banana plantations. In total United Fruit owned one fifth of the entire country, and almost solely controlled the worlds sale of bananas. Arbenz proposed to buy back much of United Fruits land (90% of which it didn\u2019t use). \r<\/p><p>With the help of Sigmund Freud\u2019s nephew, Edward Bernays \u2013 the \u201cfather of PR\u201d, and the CIA, United Fruit began an extremely effective global PR campaign to frame the Guatemalan leader Arbenz as a communist, and nothing more than a soviet puppet. Eisenhower, president at the time, had deep financial ties with United Fruit, and Alan Dulles, director of the CIA owned a law firm that negotiated United Fruits business in the region. In June 1954, an offensive consisting of CIA trained mercenaries and CIA aerial support overthrew Arbenz, and instilled exiled military dictator Carlos Castillos Armas as leader. The \u201cAssassination Manual\u201d is believed to have been created in order to \u201ceducate\u201d the mercenaries in the \u201cact of killing\u201d. However, it is said that the mercenaries couldn\u2019t make sense of the manual \u2013 some thought it was a joke \u2013 and many were said to have torn it up. After the operation, CIA Director Dulles said that the country had been saved from \u201ccommunist Imperialism\u201d and declared the addition of \u201ca new and glorious chapter to the already great tradition of the American States\u201d. This \u201csuccess\u201d lead to 31 years of repressive military rule and the deaths of more than 100,000 Guatemalans, the country would not see stability again until 1990. The \u201cOctopus\u201d increased its control and flourished in the region for decades. Dulles\u2019s predecessor at the CIA Walter Bedell Smith, would go on to become vice president of United Fruit.\r<\/p><p>Meanwhile, in Europe and the US, United Fruit continued to mould the public perception of the banana as a healthy, fun loving and innocent fruit, through mass advertisement, music, and popular culture. This huge PR campaign was extremely successful, and contributed to the bananas symbolic association with humour, sex and liberation \u2013 associations that last, still to this day.\r<\/p><p>This project is broken into two sets of images. The first is concerned with re-purposing the manual using found imagery. By combining pages of the document with archival press images of the time; united fruit advertisement campaigns; and cold war propaganda, the meaning of the documents is transformed. Connotations commonly associated with the banana of humour, sex, liberation and the American Dream are juxtaposed with its sinister history of oppression, capitalist imperialism and genocide - challenging our conceptions of the bananas symbolism. The document itself represents the bureaucracy of war, the everyday processes of a global intelligence agency - the banality of power. Such documents seem to always have an element of the absurd: a memo requesting a \u201cdelivery address for a heat seeking missile system\u201d; a leaked email advising covert agents to \u201cbuy something at duty free\u201d; a CIA \u201cAssassination Manual\u201d that begins: \u201cassassination will never be authorized by any US Headquarters\u201d. After a while, one begins to question their authenticity. It seems there\u2019s almost a dry humour behind them. Playing on these questions of fact, fiction and absurdity, while also referencing the CIA\u2019s tactics of misinformation - the second set of images in the project are completely fictitious. Pairing documents from the manual and Guatemalan police reports with staged imagery and improvised documentary, they are the result of the photographer following the Assassination Manual, literally, with his camera.\r<\/p><p>This body of work was produced with the support of the Homesession Artist Residency Programme, Barcelona, Spain.<\/p>","body_raw":"In 1997, as part of the freedom of information act, a document was released by the CIA entitled \u201cA Study of Assassination.\u201d The document was undated and unsigned but had an estimated original publication date of 1953. The manual was released as part of a collection of Central Intelligence Agency files relating to the Guatemalan Destabilization Programme. The programme aimed to overthrow the newly democratically elected leader of Guatemala, Colonel Jacobo Arbenz Guzman, who had announced large scale land reforms. At that time, the largest land owner in Guatemala by far (and indeed Central America generally) was the US global corporation, The United Fruit Company. United Fruit - called the \u201cOctopus\u201d by Guatemalans - wielded massive power at the time, reaching its tentacle like arms deep into railroads, ports, shipping and especially banana plantations. In total United Fruit owned one fifth of the entire country, and almost solely controlled the worlds sale of bananas. Arbenz proposed to buy back much of United Fruits land (90% of which it didn\u2019t use). \r\n\r\nWith the help of Sigmund Freud\u2019s nephew, Edward Bernays \u2013 the \u201cfather of PR\u201d, and the CIA, United Fruit began an extremely effective global PR campaign to frame the Guatemalan leader Arbenz as a communist, and nothing more than a soviet puppet. Eisenhower, president at the time, had deep financial ties with United Fruit, and Alan Dulles, director of the CIA owned a law firm that negotiated United Fruits business in the region. In June 1954, an offensive consisting of CIA trained mercenaries and CIA aerial support overthrew Arbenz, and instilled exiled military dictator Carlos Castillos Armas as leader. The \u201cAssassination Manual\u201d is believed to have been created in order to \u201ceducate\u201d the mercenaries in the \u201cact of killing\u201d. However, it is said that the mercenaries couldn\u2019t make sense of the manual \u2013 some thought it was a joke \u2013 and many were said to have torn it up. After the operation, CIA Director Dulles said that the country had been saved from \u201ccommunist Imperialism\u201d and declared the addition of \u201ca new and glorious chapter to the already great tradition of the American States\u201d. This \u201csuccess\u201d lead to 31 years of repressive military rule and the deaths of more than 100,000 Guatemalans, the country would not see stability again until 1990. The \u201cOctopus\u201d increased its control and flourished in the region for decades. Dulles\u2019s predecessor at the CIA Walter Bedell Smith, would go on to become vice president of United Fruit.\r\n\r\nMeanwhile, in Europe and the US, United Fruit continued to mould the public perception of the banana as a healthy, fun loving and innocent fruit, through mass advertisement, music, and popular culture. This huge PR campaign was extremely successful, and contributed to the bananas symbolic association with humour, sex and liberation \u2013 associations that last, still to this day.\r\n\r\nThis project is broken into two sets of images. The first is concerned with re-purposing the manual using found imagery. By combining pages of the document with archival press images of the time; united fruit advertisement campaigns; and cold war propaganda, the meaning of the documents is transformed. Connotations commonly associated with the banana of humour, sex, liberation and the American Dream are juxtaposed with its sinister history of oppression, capitalist imperialism and genocide - challenging our conceptions of the bananas symbolism. The document itself represents the bureaucracy of war, the everyday processes of a global intelligence agency - the banality of power. Such documents seem to always have an element of the absurd: a memo requesting a \u201cdelivery address for a heat seeking missile system\u201d; a leaked email advising covert agents to \u201cbuy something at duty free\u201d; a CIA \u201cAssassination Manual\u201d that begins: \u201cassassination will never be authorized by any US Headquarters\u201d. After a while, one begins to question their authenticity. It seems there\u2019s almost a dry humour behind them. Playing on these questions of fact, fiction and absurdity, while also referencing the CIA\u2019s tactics of misinformation - the second set of images in the project are completely fictitious. Pairing documents from the manual and Guatemalan police reports with staged imagery and improvised documentary, they are the result of the photographer following the Assassination Manual, literally, with his camera.\r\n\r\nThis body of work was produced with the support of the Homesession Artist Residency Programme, Barcelona, Spain.","social_approval":0,"is_shortlisted":1,"is_other":0,"is_good":null,"is_strong":0,"is_ongoing":0,"is_unpublished":0,"sent_first_email_reminder":0,"awaiting_payment":1,"has_started_payment":1,"has_started_paypal_payment":0,"is_public":0,"media_ok":0,"has_tracked":1,"amount_paid":20,"original_price":0,"external_id":"cs_live_sBvllndMN8FuTLiVsDKLvYlxScoNsFdxnsNIY6Tnt8H1e60kX99tnzAt","payment_id":"pi_1G18lxEzbGXaFe0gM8t2TItJ","session_id":null,"token":"X7Z7hSZpbrFKSeHZ6ZtGOLB2X7yY6O9O","grant_order_id":5070,"submitted_at":"2020-01-15T10:07:17.000000Z","affiliate_id":null,"is_forced_public":1,"address_1":null,"city":null,"region":null,"country":null,"postcode":null,"codice_fiscale":null,"started_at":"2018-01-01T00:00:00.000000Z","ended_at":"2018-01-01T00:00:00.000000Z","created_at":"2020-01-15T09:33:40.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-03-02T16:09:12.000000Z","place":null,"publications":[],"categories":[],"tags":[{"id":21,"tag":"documentary","created_at":"2015-12-07T17:05:37.000000Z","updated_at":"2015-12-07T17:05:37.000000Z","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":21259,"tag_id":21}},{"id":5154,"tag":"historical","created_at":"2015-12-07T17:06:39.000000Z","updated_at":"2015-12-07T17:06:39.000000Z","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":21259,"tag_id":5154}},{"id":8155,"tag":"conceptual documentary","created_at":"2016-06-14T14:00:29.000000Z","updated_at":"2016-06-14T14:00:29.000000Z","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":21259,"tag_id":8155}}],"blocks":[{"id":235966,"grant_submission_id":21259,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":358699,"position":-1,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:38:32.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T10:05:40.000000Z","caption":"\u201cMurder is not morally justifiable. 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Bridge falls into water are not reliable.\u201d - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":270186,"filename":"\/users\/25642\/grant-submissions\/13803\/pmay9r32c1968d0c.jpg","has_tried_to_detect_moderation_labels":1,"has_moderation_labels":0,"moderation_label_json":null,"is_explicit":0,"is_not_explicit":0,"explicit_percentage":0,"created_at":"2019-02-02T14:15:27.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-03-05T19:01:48.000000Z"},"story_block":{"id":180275,"story_id":17897,"image_id":270186,"video_id":null,"caption":"","caption_raw":null,"position":0,"is_explicit":null,"is_admin_explicit":null,"is_legacy":0,"legacy_id":null,"created_at":"2019-02-02T14:18:14.000000Z","updated_at":"2019-02-02T14:18:14.000000Z","image":{"id":270186,"filename":"\/users\/25642\/grant-submissions\/13803\/pmay9r32c1968d0c.jpg","has_tried_to_detect_moderation_labels":1,"has_moderation_labels":0,"moderation_label_json":null,"is_explicit":0,"is_not_explicit":0,"explicit_percentage":0,"created_at":"2019-02-02T14:15:27.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-03-05T19:01:48.000000Z"}}},{"id":235990,"grant_submission_id":21259,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":358723,"position":5,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:50.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T10:05:40.000000Z","caption":"\u201cThe simplest local tools are often much the most efficient means of assassination. A hammer, axe, wrench, screw driver, fire poker, kitchen knife, lamp stand, or anything hard, heavy and handy will suffice. All such improvised weapons have the important advantage of apparent innocence.\u201d - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","caption_raw":"\u201cThe simplest local tools are often much the most efficient means of assassination. A hammer, axe, wrench, screw driver, fire poker, kitchen knife, lamp stand, or anything hard, heavy and handy will suffice. All such improvised weapons have the important advantage of apparent innocence.\u201d - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":358723,"filename":"\/users\/25642\/grant-submissions\/21259\/q456xq9edf83f30d.jpg","has_tried_to_detect_moderation_labels":0,"has_moderation_labels":0,"moderation_label_json":null,"is_explicit":0,"is_not_explicit":0,"explicit_percentage":0,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:50.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:50.000000Z"},"story_block":null},{"id":235959,"grant_submission_id":21259,"story_block_id":180276,"image_id":270187,"position":6,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:33:40.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T10:05:40.000000Z","caption":"","caption_raw":null,"deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":270187,"filename":"\/users\/25642\/grant-submissions\/13803\/pmay9r427ebb5111.jpg","has_tried_to_detect_moderation_labels":1,"has_moderation_labels":0,"moderation_label_json":null,"is_explicit":0,"is_not_explicit":0,"explicit_percentage":0,"created_at":"2019-02-02T14:15:27.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-03-05T19:01:48.000000Z"},"story_block":{"id":180276,"story_id":17897,"image_id":270187,"video_id":null,"caption":"","caption_raw":null,"position":0,"is_explicit":null,"is_admin_explicit":null,"is_legacy":0,"legacy_id":null,"created_at":"2019-02-02T14:18:14.000000Z","updated_at":"2019-02-02T14:18:14.000000Z","image":{"id":270187,"filename":"\/users\/25642\/grant-submissions\/13803\/pmay9r427ebb5111.jpg","has_tried_to_detect_moderation_labels":1,"has_moderation_labels":0,"moderation_label_json":null,"is_explicit":0,"is_not_explicit":0,"explicit_percentage":0,"created_at":"2019-02-02T14:15:27.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-03-05T19:01:48.000000Z"}}},{"id":235981,"grant_submission_id":21259,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":358714,"position":7,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:49.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T10:05:40.000000Z","caption":"\u201cAssassination will never be ordered or authorized by any U.S.\r\nHeadquarters, though the latter may in rare instances agree to it's execution by members of an associated foreign service.\u201d - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","caption_raw":"\u201cAssassination will never be ordered or authorized by any U.S.\r\nHeadquarters, though the latter may in rare instances agree to it's execution by members of an associated foreign service.\u201d - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":358714,"filename":"\/users\/25642\/grant-submissions\/21259\/q456xp8fa43f1bee.jpg","has_tried_to_detect_moderation_labels":0,"has_moderation_labels":0,"moderation_label_json":null,"is_explicit":0,"is_not_explicit":0,"explicit_percentage":0,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:49.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:49.000000Z"},"story_block":null},{"id":235960,"grant_submission_id":21259,"story_block_id":180277,"image_id":270188,"position":8,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:33:40.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T10:05:40.000000Z","caption":"\"Assassination of persons responsible for atrocities may be regarded as just punishment.\" - A Study of Assassination, 1954","caption_raw":"\"Assassination of persons responsible for atrocities may be regarded as just punishment.\" - A Study of Assassination, 1954","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":270188,"filename":"\/users\/25642\/grant-submissions\/13803\/pmay9u121fa16f45.jpg","has_tried_to_detect_moderation_labels":1,"has_moderation_labels":0,"moderation_label_json":null,"is_explicit":0,"is_not_explicit":0,"explicit_percentage":0,"created_at":"2019-02-02T14:15:30.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-03-05T19:01:49.000000Z"},"story_block":{"id":180277,"story_id":17897,"image_id":270188,"video_id":null,"caption":"","caption_raw":null,"position":0,"is_explicit":null,"is_admin_explicit":null,"is_legacy":0,"legacy_id":null,"created_at":"2019-02-02T14:18:14.000000Z","updated_at":"2019-02-02T14:18:14.000000Z","image":{"id":270188,"filename":"\/users\/25642\/grant-submissions\/13803\/pmay9u121fa16f45.jpg","has_tried_to_detect_moderation_labels":1,"has_moderation_labels":0,"moderation_label_json":null,"is_explicit":0,"is_not_explicit":0,"explicit_percentage":0,"created_at":"2019-02-02T14:15:30.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-03-05T19:01:49.000000Z"}}},{"id":235961,"grant_submission_id":21259,"story_block_id":180278,"image_id":270189,"position":9,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:33:40.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T10:05:40.000000Z","caption":"\u201cWhen the decision to assassinate has been reached, the tactics of the operation must be planned, based upon an estimate of the situation similar to that used in military operations. When all necessary data has been collected, an effective tactical plan can be prepared. All planning must be mental; no papers should ever contain evidence of the operation.\u201d - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","caption_raw":"\u201cWhen the decision to assassinate has been reached, the tactics of the operation must be planned, based upon an estimate of the situation similar to that used in military operations. When all necessary data has been collected, an effective tactical plan can be prepared. All planning must be mental; no papers should ever contain evidence of the operation.\u201d - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":270189,"filename":"\/users\/25642\/grant-submissions\/13803\/pmay9ue053e48b0a.jpg","has_tried_to_detect_moderation_labels":1,"has_moderation_labels":0,"moderation_label_json":null,"is_explicit":0,"is_not_explicit":0,"explicit_percentage":0,"created_at":"2019-02-02T14:15:30.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-03-05T19:01:49.000000Z"},"story_block":{"id":180278,"story_id":17897,"image_id":270189,"video_id":null,"caption":"","caption_raw":null,"position":0,"is_explicit":null,"is_admin_explicit":null,"is_legacy":0,"legacy_id":null,"created_at":"2019-02-02T14:18:14.000000Z","updated_at":"2019-02-02T14:18:14.000000Z","image":{"id":270189,"filename":"\/users\/25642\/grant-submissions\/13803\/pmay9ue053e48b0a.jpg","has_tried_to_detect_moderation_labels":1,"has_moderation_labels":0,"moderation_label_json":null,"is_explicit":0,"is_not_explicit":0,"explicit_percentage":0,"created_at":"2019-02-02T14:15:30.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-03-05T19:01:49.000000Z"}}},{"id":235983,"grant_submission_id":21259,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":358716,"position":10,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:49.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T10:05:40.000000Z","caption":"\u201cObviously, successful secret assassinations are not recorded as assassinations at all.\u201d - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","caption_raw":"\u201cObviously, successful secret assassinations are not recorded as assassinations at all.\u201d - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":358716,"filename":"\/users\/25642\/grant-submissions\/21259\/q456xpbe61624fba.jpg","has_tried_to_detect_moderation_labels":0,"has_moderation_labels":0,"moderation_label_json":null,"is_explicit":0,"is_not_explicit":0,"explicit_percentage":0,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:49.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:49.000000Z"},"story_block":null},{"id":235962,"grant_submission_id":21259,"story_block_id":180279,"image_id":270190,"position":11,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:33:40.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T10:05:40.000000Z","caption":"\u201cThe simplest local tools are often much the most efficient means of assassination. A hammer, axe, wrench, screw driver, fire poker, kitchen knife, lamp stand, or anything hard, heavy and handy will suffice. All such improvised weapons have the important advantage of apparent innocence.\u201d - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","caption_raw":"\u201cThe simplest local tools are often much the most efficient means of assassination. A hammer, axe, wrench, screw driver, fire poker, kitchen knife, lamp stand, or anything hard, heavy and handy will suffice. All such improvised weapons have the important advantage of apparent innocence.\u201d - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":270190,"filename":"\/users\/25642\/grant-submissions\/13803\/pmay9v652bf4e712.jpg","has_tried_to_detect_moderation_labels":1,"has_moderation_labels":0,"moderation_label_json":null,"is_explicit":0,"is_not_explicit":0,"explicit_percentage":0,"created_at":"2019-02-02T14:15:31.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-03-05T19:01:50.000000Z"},"story_block":{"id":180279,"story_id":17897,"image_id":270190,"video_id":null,"caption":"","caption_raw":null,"position":0,"is_explicit":null,"is_admin_explicit":null,"is_legacy":0,"legacy_id":null,"created_at":"2019-02-02T14:18:14.000000Z","updated_at":"2019-02-02T14:18:14.000000Z","image":{"id":270190,"filename":"\/users\/25642\/grant-submissions\/13803\/pmay9v652bf4e712.jpg","has_tried_to_detect_moderation_labels":1,"has_moderation_labels":0,"moderation_label_json":null,"is_explicit":0,"is_not_explicit":0,"explicit_percentage":0,"created_at":"2019-02-02T14:15:31.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-03-05T19:01:50.000000Z"}}},{"id":235984,"grant_submission_id":21259,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":358717,"position":12,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:50.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T10:05:40.000000Z","caption":"\u201cThe main advantage of blunt weapons is their universal\r\navailability. A hammer may be picked up anywhere in the world.\r\n Even a rock or heavy stick will do. Blows should be directed to the temple, the area just below and behind the ear, and the lower, rear portion of the skull. Of course, if the blow is very heavy, any portion of the upper skull will do.\u201d - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","caption_raw":"\u201cThe main advantage of blunt weapons is their universal\r\navailability. A hammer may be picked up anywhere in the world.\r\n Even a rock or heavy stick will do. Blows should be directed to the temple, the area just below and behind the ear, and the lower, rear portion of the skull. Of course, if the blow is very heavy, any portion of the upper skull will do.\u201d - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":358717,"filename":"\/users\/25642\/grant-submissions\/21259\/q456xpc4703e35ae.jpg","has_tried_to_detect_moderation_labels":0,"has_moderation_labels":0,"moderation_label_json":null,"is_explicit":0,"is_not_explicit":0,"explicit_percentage":0,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:49.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:49.000000Z"},"story_block":null},{"id":235963,"grant_submission_id":21259,"story_block_id":180280,"image_id":270193,"position":13,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:33:40.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T10:05:40.000000Z","caption":"\u201cPuncture wounds of the body cavity may not be reliable unless the heart is reached. The heart is protected by the rib cage and is not always easy to locate.\u201d - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","caption_raw":"\u201cPuncture wounds of the body cavity may not be reliable unless the heart is reached. The heart is protected by the rib cage and is not always easy to locate.\u201d - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":270193,"filename":"\/users\/25642\/grant-submissions\/13803\/pmay9x5be7c2f91e.jpg","has_tried_to_detect_moderation_labels":1,"has_moderation_labels":0,"moderation_label_json":null,"is_explicit":0,"is_not_explicit":0,"explicit_percentage":0,"created_at":"2019-02-02T14:15:33.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-03-05T19:01:51.000000Z"},"story_block":{"id":180280,"story_id":17897,"image_id":270193,"video_id":null,"caption":"","caption_raw":null,"position":0,"is_explicit":null,"is_admin_explicit":null,"is_legacy":0,"legacy_id":null,"created_at":"2019-02-02T14:18:14.000000Z","updated_at":"2019-02-02T14:18:14.000000Z","image":{"id":270193,"filename":"\/users\/25642\/grant-submissions\/13803\/pmay9x5be7c2f91e.jpg","has_tried_to_detect_moderation_labels":1,"has_moderation_labels":0,"moderation_label_json":null,"is_explicit":0,"is_not_explicit":0,"explicit_percentage":0,"created_at":"2019-02-02T14:15:33.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-03-05T19:01:51.000000Z"}}},{"id":235987,"grant_submission_id":21259,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":358720,"position":14,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:50.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T10:05:40.000000Z","caption":"\u201cA human being may be killed in many ways but sureness is\r\noften overlooked by those who may be emotionally unstrung by the seriousness of the act they intend to commit.\u201d - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","caption_raw":"\u201cA human being may be killed in many ways but sureness is\r\noften overlooked by those who may be emotionally unstrung by the seriousness of the act they intend to commit.\u201d - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":358720,"filename":"\/users\/25642\/grant-submissions\/21259\/q456xqdc7e84bd7e.jpg","has_tried_to_detect_moderation_labels":0,"has_moderation_labels":0,"moderation_label_json":null,"is_explicit":0,"is_not_explicit":0,"explicit_percentage":0,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:50.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:50.000000Z"},"story_block":null},{"id":235982,"grant_submission_id":21259,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":358715,"position":15,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:49.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T10:05:40.000000Z","caption":"\u201cIn all types of assassination except terroristic, drugs can be very effective.\u201d - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","caption_raw":"\u201cIn all types of assassination except terroristic, drugs can be very effective.\u201d - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":358715,"filename":"\/users\/25642\/grant-submissions\/21259\/q456xp31ee8a713c.jpg","has_tried_to_detect_moderation_labels":0,"has_moderation_labels":0,"moderation_label_json":null,"is_explicit":0,"is_not_explicit":0,"explicit_percentage":0,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:49.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:49.000000Z"},"story_block":null},{"id":235957,"grant_submission_id":21259,"story_block_id":180274,"image_id":270185,"position":16,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:33:40.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T10:05:40.000000Z","caption":"\"Except in terroristic assassinations, it is desirable that the assassin be transient in the area.\" - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","caption_raw":"\"Except in terroristic assassinations, it is desirable that the assassin be transient in the area.\" - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":270185,"filename":"\/users\/25642\/grant-submissions\/13803\/pmay9qab66077048.jpg","has_tried_to_detect_moderation_labels":1,"has_moderation_labels":0,"moderation_label_json":null,"is_explicit":0,"is_not_explicit":0,"explicit_percentage":0,"created_at":"2019-02-02T14:15:26.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-03-05T19:01:47.000000Z"},"story_block":{"id":180274,"story_id":17897,"image_id":270185,"video_id":null,"caption":"","caption_raw":null,"position":0,"is_explicit":null,"is_admin_explicit":null,"is_legacy":0,"legacy_id":null,"created_at":"2019-02-02T14:18:14.000000Z","updated_at":"2019-02-02T14:18:14.000000Z","image":{"id":270185,"filename":"\/users\/25642\/grant-submissions\/13803\/pmay9qab66077048.jpg","has_tried_to_detect_moderation_labels":1,"has_moderation_labels":0,"moderation_label_json":null,"is_explicit":0,"is_not_explicit":0,"explicit_percentage":0,"created_at":"2019-02-02T14:15:26.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-03-05T19:01:47.000000Z"}}},{"id":235989,"grant_submission_id":21259,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":358722,"position":17,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:50.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T10:05:40.000000Z","caption":"\u201cIn lost assassination, the assassin must be a fanatic of some sort. Since a fanatic is unstable psychologically, he must be handled with extreme care. He must not know the identities of the other members of the organization, for although it is intended that he die in the act, something may go wrong.\" - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","caption_raw":"\u201cIn lost assassination, the assassin must be a fanatic of some sort. Since a fanatic is unstable psychologically, he must be handled with extreme care. He must not know the identities of the other members of the organization, for although it is intended that he die in the act, something may go wrong.\" - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":358722,"filename":"\/users\/25642\/grant-submissions\/21259\/q456xq4ae02554cd.jpg","has_tried_to_detect_moderation_labels":0,"has_moderation_labels":0,"moderation_label_json":null,"is_explicit":0,"is_not_explicit":0,"explicit_percentage":0,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:50.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:50.000000Z"},"story_block":null},{"id":235988,"grant_submission_id":21259,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":358721,"position":18,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:50.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T10:05:40.000000Z","caption":"\u201cIf the assassin immediately sets up an outcry, playing the \u201chorrified witness\u201d, no alibi or surreptitious withdrawal is necessary.\u201d - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","caption_raw":"\u201cIf the assassin immediately sets up an outcry, playing the \u201chorrified witness\u201d, no alibi or surreptitious withdrawal is necessary.\u201d - A Study of Assassination, 1954.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":358721,"filename":"\/users\/25642\/grant-submissions\/21259\/q456xq3667d5d652.jpg","has_tried_to_detect_moderation_labels":0,"has_moderation_labels":0,"moderation_label_json":null,"is_explicit":0,"is_not_explicit":0,"explicit_percentage":0,"created_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:50.000000Z","updated_at":"2020-01-15T09:41:50.000000Z"},"story_block":null}],"cover_block_image":null,"user":{"id":25642,"firstname":"George","lastname":"Selley","username":"gselley","can_skip_grant_payment":0,"is_unsubscribed_from_grant_emails":0,"disabled_at":null,"gender":"male","has_agreed_to_newsletter":1,"has_agreed_to_newsletter_at":null,"timezone":null,"is_legacy":0,"is_collateral_juror":0,"legacy_id":null,"accepted_tandcs_may18_at":"2019-02-02 14:11:10","last_logged_in_at":"2021-01-21T19:26:11.000000Z","last_logged_in_country":"GB","registered_country":null,"is_not_spam":0,"created_at":"2017-01-29T16:02:48.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-01-21T19:26:11.000000Z","deleted_at":null,"profile":{"id":25623,"user_id":25642,"born_in_id":58741,"based_in_id":58741,"currently_in_id":58741,"nationality_id":27,"avatar":"\/users\/25642\/avatars\/okju3u03ebb378da.jpg","cover_image":null,"born_at":"1993-09-27T00:00:00.000000Z","profession":null,"bio":"Photographer, journalist and teacher. Studying at the London College of Communication for an MA in Photojournalism & Documentary Photography. ","long_bio":"<p>Photographer, journalist and teacher. Studying at the London College of Communication for an MA in Photojournalism & Documentary Photography. <\/p>","long_bio_raw":"Photographer, journalist and teacher. Studying at the London College of Communication for an MA in Photojournalism & Documentary Photography. ","display_name":null,"website_url":null,"profile_type_id":2,"show_age":0,"twitter_handle":null,"facebook_handle":null,"linkedin_handle":null,"skype_handle":null,"google_plus_handle":null,"pinterest_handle":null,"instagram_handle":"g_selley","vimeo_handle":null,"youtube_handle":null,"telephone":null,"company_name":null,"address_1":null,"address_2":null,"city":null,"region":null,"country":null,"postcode":null,"vat_id":null,"codice_fiscale":null,"codice_destinatario":null,"pec_destinatario":null,"show_explicit_content":"0","created_at":"2017-01-29T16:02:49.000000Z","updated_at":"2019-02-02T14:18:35.000000Z"}}}