Caravana Migrante

  • A group of migrants wait before being transferred to a different temporary shelter in Tijuana, Mexico on November 30, 2018. Mexican officials required all the migrants to leave the Benito Juarez encampment due to safety and hygienic concerns and move instead to the outskirts of Tijuana to the El Barretal complex.

  • Portrait of Maryuri Celeste,18, from Santa Rosa Honduras in Tijuana Mexico on November 30, 2018.

  • Migrants, journalists and U.S. activists run from tear gas on January 1, 2019 after US authorities fired tear gas over the border wall in Tijuana, Mexico. A group of approximately 150 migrants attempted to cross the border but their attempt was thwarted when CBP discovered where they were hiding and used several crowd control techniques to disperse the group.

  • Portrait of Joel Antonio, 23, and his daughter Alexa Sofia, 1 1/2, from Honduras in Tijuana, Mexico on December 8, 2018.

  • Migrants scope out and try to find a place to cross the U.S. - Mexican border wall near the beach in Tijuana, Mexico on December 16, 2018. Some attempt to dig under the wall, while others pass over it.

  • A group of migrants from the caravan clandestinely attempt to cross over the U.S.-Mexican border wall by the beach in Tijuana, Mexico on December 5, 2018. The rains were so strong that the area where the migrants attempted to cross flooded and the group was spotted by CBP agents who prevented the group from crossing. Many migrants have turned to crossing the border wall illegally in order to hand themselves in to CBP since the U.S. only allows a handful of migrants to present their asylum case per day.

  • Migrants scope out and try to find a place to cross the U.S. - Mexican border wall near the beach in Tijuana, Mexico on December 16, 2018. The group was unsuccessful in their attempt.

  • Portrait of Erika, 18, and her daughter Arling, 1 1/2, from San Pedro Honduras in Tijuana, Mexico on December 8, 2018. Erika is number 1690 on La Lista, a self-organized, migrant-run system that determines who gets to present their cases to the US immigration authorities each day.

  • A migrant sleeps on a pack outside the Benito Juarez sports facility that was housing thousands of migrants from the caravan after it was evacuated in Tijuana, Mexico on December 1, 2018. The Mexican police moved the thousands of migrants to a new shelter outside of Tijuana and further away from the U.S.-Mexico border.

  • Groups of migrants from the caravan clandestinely cross over the U.S.-Mexican border wall by the beach in Tijuana, Mexico on December 3, 2018. They immediately turn themselves in to U.S. Customs and Border Protection in order to begin their asylum process.

  • A group of migrants plead with U.S. officials after they were discovered attempting to illegally cross the U.S. - Mexico border wall on December 30, 2018 in Tijuana, Mexico.

  • Portrait of Cesar, 20, from Honduras in Tijuana, Mexico on December 7, 2018.

  • A cardboard cutout of a little girl that is part of an ongoing art exhibit is seen from behind on the U.S.-Mexican border on December 23, 2018 in Tijuana, Mexico.

  • A CBP border patrol agent runs up to the U.S. - Mexican border wall after a group of migrants attempt to cross in Tijuana, Mexico on December 15, 2018. Some attempt to dig under the wall, while others pass over it.

  • On the left side of the photograph: Angela and Joel from Honduras sit with their children Tifani, Yeison and Eduardo at the Chaparral pedestrian crossing on the US-Mexican border, waiting for their number to be called from the list 'La Lista', a self-organized, migrant-run system that determines who gets to present their cases to the US immigration authorities each day, in Tijuana, Mexico on December 5, 2018. The migrants return to the plaza at El Chaparral day after day to see if their turn has finally come.

  • Mexican police force a group of migrants who have been living at the beach to move to a shelter across town on December 5, 2018 in Tijuana, Mexico. The police load up the families into police vehicles and drive them away.

  • Portrait of Francisco Javier, 50, El Salvador in Tijuana, Mexico on December 4, 2018. Francisco left his home because gang members were threatening his life.

  • A migrant whose numbers was called waits to board a van that will bring him and his family to US immigration authorities where they will present their cases for asylum at the Chaparral pedestrian crossing on the US-Mexican border in Tijuana, Mexico on December 8, 2018. Migrants return daily to the plaza by the crossing to see if their number is called from the list 'La Lista', a self-organized, migrant-run system that determines who gets to present their cases to US immigration authorities each day.

  • A group of migrants walk along the highway next to the U.S. - Mexico border wall late on December, 19, 2018 in Tijuana, Mexico.

  • The U.S. - Mexico border wall on December 29, 2018 in Tijuana, Mexico.

{"id":19635,"grant_id":11,"user_id":35491,"grant_submission_status_id":4,"grant_result_type_id":null,"cover_block_id":null,"story_id":18315,"place_id":null,"title":"Caravana Migrante","excerpt":null,"excerpt_raw":null,"body":"<p>Until it reached the US border in mid-November, the migrant caravan that set out from San Pedro Sula, Honduras, on October 12 had largely been a success. Leaving that crime-benighted city with only 160 members, the caravan ballooned to ten times that size by the third day, as people streamed in to join from all over Honduras and neighboring El Salvador. By the time the group reached southern Mexico, having overwhelmed authorities at both the Guatemalan and Mexican borders, the United Nations estimated that there were over 7,000 members\u2014easily the largest caravan yet to come out of Central America. The unprecedented spectacle quickly captured the world\u2019s attention and became a symbol for what is becoming known as the \u2018Central American Exodus\u2019\u2014the mass movement of people fleeing staggering, relentless violence and abject poverty in the \u2018Northern Triangle\u2019 countries of Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala.\r<\/p><p>In the US, however, the caravan was becoming a symbol for something else. Seizing on the optics of 7,000 bedraggled people marching northward as incontrovertible proof that America was under siege by vast mobs of mystery invaders, President Trump turned the caravan into the cornerstone of his pre-midterm election rhetoric. For Trump and the Republicans, the caravan was the perfect political football: a way to keep America\u2019s attention focused on their number-one issue, immigration, while simultaneously distracting from the myriad scandals Washington DC seemed to be producing en masse. Wild, unfounded claims erupted from the White House\u2014that this was MS13 on the warpath, or that Islamic terrorists were using the migrants as cover, or that the whole thing was an elaborate Democratic ploy concocted by George Soros.\r<\/p><p>Meanwhile, the caravan, undaunted by the sudden spotlight, forged ahead through Mexico. Morale was high\u2014though exhausted, the migrants retained an optimistic mood, certain that despite Trump\u2019s obvious disdain they would make it to \u2018el otro lado,\u2019 the other side. Repeated, failed attempts by Guatemalan and Mexican authorities to divide the group had engendered a deep camaraderie, an abiding belief that the caravan was inviolable, an ethos that nobody was to be left behind. Buttressing this internal strength was the widespread support of the Mexican people. In nearly every town the caravan entered they were greeted with donations of food, water, and clothing, and provided with ad-hoc shelters, medical services, and legal counsel. In the Oaxacan town of Juchitan de Zaragoza, the municipal government even organized a solar-powered viewing of the Disney film \u2018Coco.\u2019\r<\/p><p>Then, in mid-November, the caravan arrived in Tijuana, and almost immediately the mood darkened. The migrants saw the US border for the first time: the floodlights, cameras, motion sensors, the two imposing metal walls festooned by razor-sharp concertina wire, the rigorous patrols of the Customs and Border Protection officers. Tijuana\u2019s mayor, Juan Manuel Gastelu\u0301m, immediately declared a humanitarian crisis, and the city opened the Benito Juarez sports\r<\/p><p>\ufffc\r<\/p><p>complex\u2014only meters from the border\u2014as a stopgap shelter. But the migrants, some 6,000 people, easily overwhelmed the complex, which reached double its capacity almost instantly. Tents covered nearly every free inch of the basketball courts, the baseball fields, the soccer pitches. Tarps were strung between the trees and woven through bleachers to create makeshift roofs, while narrow footpaths were forged through the warren of tents. The camp spilled onto the adjacent street, Avenida 5 de Mayo, with cobbled-together shelters extending the entire length of the block. Respiratory infections, tuberculosis, chickenpox, skin infections, and lice began to spread. To make matters worse, on November 26, a contingent of migrants, fed up with the deteriorating conditions inside the camp, marched on the border wall and were met with tear gas and rubber bullets. The intransigence of the US president, the less-than-warm reception by the mayor of Tijuana and many of the city\u2019s residents, the seemingly-impermeable border, and the squalid conditions of the camp all compounded to thoroughly demoralize the caravan\u2014and then the rain began. For two days it rained furiously, turning the roofless camp into a vast soup of mud, garbage, sodden blankets, caved-in shelters, and human waste. The rain made the sports complex\u2014already a dismal living situation\u2014completely uninhabitable, and when it finally abated city officials moved in to clear the camp.\r<\/p><p>In a sense the dismantling of the Benito Juarez camp marked the end of the united migrant caravan: it had run at full force against the American border and broken with the impact. Several thousand of the migrants accepted the city\u2019s offer to relocate to a new shelter, some thirty kilometers south of the border in an poor, isolated neighborhood in East Tijuana. Others, refusing to relinquish their proximity to the United States, remained near Benito Juarez, eventually opening a new shelter in a warehouse nearby. Many people simply dissolved into the city, finding accommodation in churches and at the many smaller migrant shelters scattered throughout Tijuana. And some, desperate to plead their asylum cases to US officials, hiked through the steep, dangerous ravines of Western Tijuana to the border wall, where they climbed over and into the United States, surrendering themselves to waiting CBP officers.\r<\/p><p>What remains of the caravan is now living a confused and precarious existence in the shadow of the American border. Trapped between life-threatening violence and an unsympathetic, byzantine US immigration system, the migrants are in limbo\u2014uncertain what lies ahead for themselves and their loved ones, unsure who to trust, and bewildered by the whirlwind of false information and rumors in constant circulation. After a grueling 4,000 kilometer journey, the dream of America is agonizingly close. At the Tijuana beach, where the border fence extends some 100 meters into the Pacific, migrants often walk to the water\u2019s edge and peer through the steel slats of the fence to the US soil on the other side. They can reach through and touch the country that they hope will give them sanctuary, a final respite from the chaos of their homelands. But for now, theirs is only an American pipe dream, tangible enough to pull at the soul, but illusory enough to crush it.\r<\/p><p>Text - Fletcher Reveley\r<\/p><p>Photos - Kitra Cahana<\/p>","body_raw":"Until it reached the US border in mid-November, the migrant caravan that set out from San Pedro Sula, Honduras, on October 12 had largely been a success. Leaving that crime-benighted city with only 160 members, the caravan ballooned to ten times that size by the third day, as people streamed in to join from all over Honduras and neighboring El Salvador. By the time the group reached southern Mexico, having overwhelmed authorities at both the Guatemalan and Mexican borders, the United Nations estimated that there were over 7,000 members\u2014easily the largest caravan yet to come out of Central America. The unprecedented spectacle quickly captured the world\u2019s attention and became a symbol for what is becoming known as the \u2018Central American Exodus\u2019\u2014the mass movement of people fleeing staggering, relentless violence and abject poverty in the \u2018Northern Triangle\u2019 countries of Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala.\r\nIn the US, however, the caravan was becoming a symbol for something else. Seizing on the optics of 7,000 bedraggled people marching northward as incontrovertible proof that America was under siege by vast mobs of mystery invaders, President Trump turned the caravan into the cornerstone of his pre-midterm election rhetoric. For Trump and the Republicans, the caravan was the perfect political football: a way to keep America\u2019s attention focused on their number-one issue, immigration, while simultaneously distracting from the myriad scandals Washington DC seemed to be producing en masse. Wild, unfounded claims erupted from the White House\u2014that this was MS13 on the warpath, or that Islamic terrorists were using the migrants as cover, or that the whole thing was an elaborate Democratic ploy concocted by George Soros.\r\nMeanwhile, the caravan, undaunted by the sudden spotlight, forged ahead through Mexico. Morale was high\u2014though exhausted, the migrants retained an optimistic mood, certain that despite Trump\u2019s obvious disdain they would make it to \u2018el otro lado,\u2019 the other side. Repeated, failed attempts by Guatemalan and Mexican authorities to divide the group had engendered a deep camaraderie, an abiding belief that the caravan was inviolable, an ethos that nobody was to be left behind. Buttressing this internal strength was the widespread support of the Mexican people. In nearly every town the caravan entered they were greeted with donations of food, water, and clothing, and provided with ad-hoc shelters, medical services, and legal counsel. In the Oaxacan town of Juchitan de Zaragoza, the municipal government even organized a solar-powered viewing of the Disney film \u2018Coco.\u2019\r\nThen, in mid-November, the caravan arrived in Tijuana, and almost immediately the mood darkened. The migrants saw the US border for the first time: the floodlights, cameras, motion sensors, the two imposing metal walls festooned by razor-sharp concertina wire, the rigorous patrols of the Customs and Border Protection officers. Tijuana\u2019s mayor, Juan Manuel Gastelu\u0301m, immediately declared a humanitarian crisis, and the city opened the Benito Juarez sports\r\n\ufffc\r\ncomplex\u2014only meters from the border\u2014as a stopgap shelter. But the migrants, some 6,000 people, easily overwhelmed the complex, which reached double its capacity almost instantly. Tents covered nearly every free inch of the basketball courts, the baseball fields, the soccer pitches. Tarps were strung between the trees and woven through bleachers to create makeshift roofs, while narrow footpaths were forged through the warren of tents. The camp spilled onto the adjacent street, Avenida 5 de Mayo, with cobbled-together shelters extending the entire length of the block. Respiratory infections, tuberculosis, chickenpox, skin infections, and lice began to spread. To make matters worse, on November 26, a contingent of migrants, fed up with the deteriorating conditions inside the camp, marched on the border wall and were met with tear gas and rubber bullets. The intransigence of the US president, the less-than-warm reception by the mayor of Tijuana and many of the city\u2019s residents, the seemingly-impermeable border, and the squalid conditions of the camp all compounded to thoroughly demoralize the caravan\u2014and then the rain began. For two days it rained furiously, turning the roofless camp into a vast soup of mud, garbage, sodden blankets, caved-in shelters, and human waste. The rain made the sports complex\u2014already a dismal living situation\u2014completely uninhabitable, and when it finally abated city officials moved in to clear the camp.\r\nIn a sense the dismantling of the Benito Juarez camp marked the end of the united migrant caravan: it had run at full force against the American border and broken with the impact. Several thousand of the migrants accepted the city\u2019s offer to relocate to a new shelter, some thirty kilometers south of the border in an poor, isolated neighborhood in East Tijuana. Others, refusing to relinquish their proximity to the United States, remained near Benito Juarez, eventually opening a new shelter in a warehouse nearby. Many people simply dissolved into the city, finding accommodation in churches and at the many smaller migrant shelters scattered throughout Tijuana. And some, desperate to plead their asylum cases to US officials, hiked through the steep, dangerous ravines of Western Tijuana to the border wall, where they climbed over and into the United States, surrendering themselves to waiting CBP officers.\r\nWhat remains of the caravan is now living a confused and precarious existence in the shadow of the American border. Trapped between life-threatening violence and an unsympathetic, byzantine US immigration system, the migrants are in limbo\u2014uncertain what lies ahead for themselves and their loved ones, unsure who to trust, and bewildered by the whirlwind of false information and rumors in constant circulation. After a grueling 4,000 kilometer journey, the dream of America is agonizingly close. At the Tijuana beach, where the border fence extends some 100 meters into the Pacific, migrants often walk to the water\u2019s edge and peer through the steel slats of the fence to the US soil on the other side. They can reach through and touch the country that they hope will give them sanctuary, a final respite from the chaos of their homelands. But for now, theirs is only an American pipe dream, tangible enough to pull at the soul, but illusory enough to crush it.\r\n\r\nText - Fletcher Reveley\r\nPhotos - Kitra Cahana","is_shortlisted":1,"is_strong":0,"is_ongoing":1,"is_unpublished":0,"sent_first_email_reminder":0,"awaiting_payment":1,"has_started_payment":0,"has_started_paypal_payment":0,"is_public":0,"media_ok":0,"has_tracked":1,"amount_paid":39,"external_id":null,"payment_id":"446987495D142345D","session_id":null,"token":null,"grant_order_id":4680,"submitted_at":"2019-10-11 00:38:30","started_at":"2018-01-01 00:00:00","ended_at":null,"created_at":"2019-10-09 20:21:39","updated_at":"2019-10-17 18:28:47","place":null,"publications":[],"categories":[],"tags":[{"id":115,"tag":"migration","created_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:38","updated_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:38","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":19635,"tag_id":115}},{"id":107,"tag":"mexico","created_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:38","updated_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:38","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":19635,"tag_id":107}},{"id":40,"tag":"landscape","created_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:37","updated_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:37","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":19635,"tag_id":40}},{"id":157,"tag":"portrait","created_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:38","updated_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:38","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":19635,"tag_id":157}},{"id":5917,"tag":"social issue","created_at":"2015-12-07 17:06:55","updated_at":"2015-12-07 17:06:55","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":19635,"tag_id":5917}}],"blocks":[{"id":214398,"grant_submission_id":19635,"story_block_id":184807,"image_id":277080,"position":-1,"created_at":"2019-10-09 20:21:39","updated_at":"2019-10-11 00:36:40","caption":"A group of migrants wait before being transferred to a different temporary shelter in Tijuana, Mexico on November 30, 2018. 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