The Firm

  • "Untitled (#4768)". Tristan Da Cunha, seen from the boat after a 7-days journey. Getting to TdC is a bit of a struggle. One has to get permission from the island council. Next there is the issue of getting a berth on one of the few ships making the week long journey. The whole process took me a year and I eventually spent three months on the island in late 2016.

  • “Calshot Harbor (#4765_01)". The weather has to be kind enough to let people disembark, since there is no proper harbour on the island. Calshot is exclusively used for fishing boats and loading rafts.

  • "Untitled (#4904_04)" The 261 inhabitants of the island are all related to some degree since they all have common ancestors. To express this particularity in photography I “rearranged” some families, replacing members with others in some portraits that I took.

  • "Untitled (#4767_09)" The 261 inhabitants of the island are all related to some degree since they all have common ancestors. To express this particularity in photography I “rearranged” some families, replacing members with others in some portraits that I took.

  • "Untitled (#4941_04)" Tristan Da Cunha is close to the roaring forties, hence the weather can get unforgiving at times.

  • "Untitled (#4767_10)" The 261 inhabitants of the island are all related to some degree since they all have common ancestors. To express this particularity in photography I “rearranged” some families, replacing members with others in some portraits that I took.

  • " Nightingale (#4929_01)" Nightingale, along with Inaccessible and Tristan form the archipelago. Only Tristan da Cunha is inhabited, the other two are wildlife reserves. Nightingale is home to 6 million sea birds.

  • "Eden of the seven seas (polyptych #4899)". The village of Edinburgh of the Seven Seas is built on the only flat part of the island. This polyptich was shot from the top of the lava flow that remains from the 1961 eruption. Fearing the complete destruction of the island, the entire population was evacuated and flung into 20th century industrial Britain. But the refugees were not impressed by this modern world so far removed from their own and preferred to return home two years later.

  • “Tristan (#4929_05)" Tristan da Cunha seen from Nightingale Island (uninhabited). TdC, part of the British Overseas Territories, is the remotest inhabited island in the world, 2800km from Cape Town and only accessible after a seven-day (fishing or cargo) boat ride.

  • " Anderson (#4930_06) " Private property doesn't exist, land is communally owned and livestock is allocated proportionately to the size of each home. No crime has ever been committed on Tristan. Weather conditions restrict drastically the access to the sea; hence it is more a farming than a fishing community.

  • "Untitled (#4932_08)” The 37-sq miles volcanic island is not only small, but most of it is hardly accessible. The coastline is ringed with 2000ft. cliffs, surmounted by a gently sloping plateau that the locals call the Base. At the centre of the volcano Queen Mary’s peak culminates at 6800ft.

  • "Untitled (#4919_10) " A father and son enjoying some playtime on an overcast day, as they often are on the tiny speck lost in the middle of the South Atlantic. A stone’s throw away from the roaring forties, French novelist Hervé Bazin wrote “Tristan is a safe haven where the hostility of the elements allows them to escape the hostility of men” (Les bienheureux de la desolation, 1970).

  • "Untitled (#4901_03)" There is not much alternative for the youth to become fisherman when of age. It’s either that or leaving the island, but very few do step in the “real world” to pursue their studies after the local high school.

  • "Ella, Kirsty and Aiden Repetto (#4760_03). The 266 islanders are all descendants of exiled and castaways who followed in the footsteps of Corporal William Glass. In 1817, when his British garrison departed he decided to stay on along with a couple of masons.

  • "Untitled (#4763_08)”. While most young men of age go fishing, the seniors wait for their return to process the fish at the local factory. The valuable rock lobster is one of the rare mean of income for the community.

  • "The patches (#4911)”. Since the very beginning of the settlement potatoes have been an essential part of their subsistence economy, as it can grow in such windy conditions. Each family has a patch of land a couple of kilometres away from the village where they grow potatoes. Before money appeared on the island in the mid-XX century, spuds were the only currency in use.

  • "The Base (#4761_04)”. The 37-sq miles volcanic island is not only small, but most of it is hardly accessible. The coastline is ringed with 2000ft. cliffs, surmounted by a gently sloping plateau that the locals call the Base. At the centre of the volcano Queen Mary’s peak culminates at 6800ft.

  • "Untitled (#4901_06)" A group of friends and relatives do some repair work on a home. Mutual aid is a common and shared value on Tristan. “If a man has a job to do that is more than he can handle alone, he summons the assistance, not of an indiscriminate number of volunteers, but of specific persons whom he calls. It almost takes the form of an invitation” (Peter Munch, ibid.)

  • "Untitled (#4752_11)". There is not much alternative for the youth to become fisherman when of age. It’s either that or leaving the island, but very few do step in the “real world” to pursue their studies after the local high school.

  • "Untitled (#4917_03)". The fishing boats are owned and manned by crews of friends or close relatives. As sociologist Peter Munch noted “ they like to do things together in small selected groups that may vary in size depending on the nature of the work, and the tendency is to turn every job of significance into a cooperative affair” (in “Crisis in Utopia”, 1971).

The Firm

Daily Life, Contemporary Issues, Documentary
{"id":15838,"grant_id":10,"user_id":26320,"grant_submission_status_id":4,"grant_result_type_id":null,"cover_block_id":181404,"story_id":12964,"place_id":null,"title":"The Firm","excerpt":"<p>\"Tristan da Cunha is a society that philosophers have always dreamt about. (\u2026) There is no class distinction, no rich, no poor\". Equality, refusal of private property...the more I learnt about Tristan Da Cunha, the more I knew I had to do a work out of this community far from the world.<\/p>","excerpt_raw":"\"Tristan da Cunha is a society that philosophers have always dreamt about. (\u2026) There is no class distinction, no rich, no poor\". Equality, refusal of private property...the more I learnt about Tristan Da Cunha, the more I knew I had to do a work out of this community far from the world.","body":"<p>Tristan da Cunha is a society that philosophers have always dreamt about. There is no hate, envy nor malice among them. They all fraternally help each other out. They lack the vices of civilisation. There is no class distinction, no rich, no poor. I had never heard of the South Atlantic island until I read this from French explorer Raymond Rallier du Baty, who made a stopover in 1907. That sure got my attention and I did some digging. Equality, mutual aid, refusal of private property...the more I learnt about it's history, the more I knew I had to do a work out of this community far from the world. I did in 2016, two hundred years after its birth.\r<\/p><p>The volcanic island forms a perfect triangle placed on the horizon. This 80-square mile piece of confetti is the most isolated inhabited land in the world, 2800km from Cape Town and a stone\u2019s throw from the roaring forties. The 266 inhabitants who share nine surnames are all descendants of exiled and castaways who followed in the footsteps of corporal William Glass. In 1817, when his british garrison left the island, he decided to stay on with his wife and children. A couple of men followed suit. An agreement with the Crown and the firm, as they call themselves, was drawn up and states that \u201cin order to ensure the harmony no member shall assume any superiority whatever\u201d, \u201call are to be considered as equal in every respect\u201d and \u201cwhatever profit may arise shall be equally divided\u201d. They are soon joined by others and the new born community founded on the principles of equality and freedom steadily grows over the years. This utopian experience remained largely unknown until 1961 when the volcano started rumbling. Fearing the complete destruction of the island, the entire population was evacuated and flung into 20th century industrial Britain. But the Tristanians were not impressed and all preferred to return home two years later. \r<\/p><p>Getting to Tristan Da Cunha is a bit of a hassle. One first has to get permission from the island council. Then there is the issue of finding a berth on one of the few boats making the seven-day journey from Cape Town. The whole process took me a year and I eventually spent two months on the island in late 2016. Although some of the founding principals have faded (money has eventually replaced potatoes as a currency), most have remained. Private property still doesn't exist, land is communally owned and livestock is allocated proportionately to the size of each home. Since it is an island I imagined that fishing was the main thing out there. Far from it. Weather conditions restrict drastically access to the sea. Hence it is more a farming than a fishing community. \r<\/p><p>That is why I chose to give the series The Firm a pastoral outlook. Far from our hyper-connected, internet is more of a myth than a reality and mobile phones don't exist, and globalised world, Tristan Da Cunha is as much a travel in space as in time. Nature is the rule and men have to adapt rather than shape it. In Les bienheureux de la d\u00e9solation, Herv\u00e9 Bazin wrote Tristan is a safe heaven where the hostility of the elements allows them to escape the hostility of men. I witnessed first hand that \u201chostility of the elements\u201d when I was stranded for two weeks on the island waiting for the sea to allow me to leave. Since it is such a close knit community everyone is related to one another in some degree. This is what the B\/W portraits put the emphasis on, splitting and mixing the families with one another as to represent their shared genetic patrimony.\r<\/p><p>On the eve of the bicentenary (2017) of this forgotten community, it was evident that my artistic practice would land on this volcanic cone. As much to capture it as a motif for landscape, as to question what became of William Glass\u2019 dream. It is important for me to show that a society shaped on the fundamental ideas of equality and sharing does exist in this day and age. Even forgotten in a place that is almost inaccessible.<\/p>","body_raw":"Tristan da Cunha is a society that philosophers have always dreamt about. There is no hate, envy nor malice among them. They all fraternally help each other out. They lack the vices of civilisation. There is no class distinction, no rich, no poor. I had never heard of the South Atlantic island until I read this from French explorer Raymond Rallier du Baty, who made a stopover in 1907. That sure got my attention and I did some digging. Equality, mutual aid, refusal of private property...the more I learnt about it's history, the more I knew I had to do a work out of this community far from the world. I did in 2016, two hundred years after its birth.\r\n\r\nThe volcanic island forms a perfect triangle placed on the horizon. This 80-square mile piece of confetti is the most isolated inhabited land in the world, 2800km from Cape Town and a stone\u2019s throw from the roaring forties. The 266 inhabitants who share nine surnames are all descendants of exiled and castaways who followed in the footsteps of corporal William Glass. In 1817, when his british garrison left the island, he decided to stay on with his wife and children. A couple of men followed suit. An agreement with the Crown and the firm, as they call themselves, was drawn up and states that \u201cin order to ensure the harmony no member shall assume any superiority whatever\u201d, \u201call are to be considered as equal in every respect\u201d and \u201cwhatever profit may arise shall be equally divided\u201d. They are soon joined by others and the new born community founded on the principles of equality and freedom steadily grows over the years. This utopian experience remained largely unknown until 1961 when the volcano started rumbling. Fearing the complete destruction of the island, the entire population was evacuated and flung into 20th century industrial Britain. But the Tristanians were not impressed and all preferred to return home two years later. \r\n\r\nGetting to Tristan Da Cunha is a bit of a hassle. One first has to get permission from the island council. Then there is the issue of finding a berth on one of the few boats making the seven-day journey from Cape Town. The whole process took me a year and I eventually spent two months on the island in late 2016. Although some of the founding principals have faded (money has eventually replaced potatoes as a currency), most have remained. Private property still doesn't exist, land is communally owned and livestock is allocated proportionately to the size of each home. Since it is an island I imagined that fishing was the main thing out there. Far from it. Weather conditions restrict drastically access to the sea. Hence it is more a farming than a fishing community. \r\n\r\nThat is why I chose to give the series The Firm a pastoral outlook. Far from our hyper-connected, internet is more of a myth than a reality and mobile phones don't exist, and globalised world, Tristan Da Cunha is as much a travel in space as in time. Nature is the rule and men have to adapt rather than shape it. In Les bienheureux de la d\u00e9solation, Herv\u00e9 Bazin wrote Tristan is a safe heaven where the hostility of the elements allows them to escape the hostility of men. I witnessed first hand that \u201chostility of the elements\u201d when I was stranded for two weeks on the island waiting for the sea to allow me to leave. Since it is such a close knit community everyone is related to one another in some degree. This is what the B\/W portraits put the emphasis on, splitting and mixing the families with one another as to represent their shared genetic patrimony.\r\n\r\nOn the eve of the bicentenary (2017) of this forgotten community, it was evident that my artistic practice would land on this volcanic cone. As much to capture it as a motif for landscape, as to question what became of William Glass\u2019 dream. It is important for me to show that a society shaped on the fundamental ideas of equality and sharing does exist in this day and age. Even forgotten in a place that is almost inaccessible.","is_shortlisted":1,"is_strong":0,"is_ongoing":0,"is_unpublished":1,"sent_first_email_reminder":0,"awaiting_payment":0,"has_started_payment":0,"has_started_paypal_payment":0,"is_public":0,"media_ok":0,"has_tracked":0,"amount_paid":0,"external_id":null,"payment_id":null,"session_id":null,"token":null,"grant_order_id":0,"submitted_at":null,"started_at":"2016-01-01 00:00:00","ended_at":"2016-01-01 00:00:00","created_at":"2019-02-28 15:04:41","updated_at":"2019-03-04 19:13:31","place":null,"publications":[],"categories":[{"id":3,"name":"Daily Life","slug":"daily-life","created_at":"2015-11-30 18:49:31","updated_at":"2015-11-30 18:49:31","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":15838,"category_id":3}},{"id":6,"name":"Contemporary Issues","slug":"contemporary-issues","created_at":"2015-11-30 18:49:31","updated_at":"2015-11-30 18:49:31","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":15838,"category_id":6}},{"id":14,"name":"Documentary","slug":"documentary","created_at":"2015-12-08 13:17:52","updated_at":"2015-12-08 13:17:52","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":15838,"category_id":14}}],"tags":[{"id":11276,"tag":"tristan da cunha","created_at":"2017-02-22 18:32:07","updated_at":"2017-02-22 18:32:07","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":15838,"tag_id":11276}},{"id":210,"tag":"island","created_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:38","updated_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:38","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":15838,"tag_id":210}},{"id":4058,"tag":"utopia","created_at":"2015-12-07 17:06:21","updated_at":"2015-12-07 17:06:21","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":15838,"tag_id":4058}},{"id":164,"tag":"nature","created_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:38","updated_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:38","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":15838,"tag_id":164}},{"id":555,"tag":"society","created_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:40","updated_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:40","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":15838,"tag_id":555}},{"id":11277,"tag":"richard pak","created_at":"2017-02-22 18:32:07","updated_at":"2017-02-22 18:32:07","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":15838,"tag_id":11277}},{"id":11278,"tag":"south atlantic","created_at":"2017-02-22 18:32:07","updated_at":"2017-02-22 18:32:07","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":15838,"tag_id":11278}},{"id":6927,"tag":"remote","created_at":"2016-01-22 16:28:29","updated_at":"2016-01-22 16:28:29","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":15838,"tag_id":6927}},{"id":275,"tag":"equality","created_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:38","updated_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:38","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":15838,"tag_id":275}},{"id":11279,"tag":"pastoral","created_at":"2017-02-22 18:32:07","updated_at":"2017-02-22 18:32:07","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":15838,"tag_id":11279}}],"blocks":[{"id":181405,"grant_submission_id":15838,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":294565,"position":-1,"created_at":"2019-02-28 17:06:11","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:44:14","caption":"\"Untitled (#4768)\".\r\nTristan Da Cunha, seen from the boat after a 7-days journey. Getting to TdC is a bit of a struggle. One has to get permission from the island council. Next there is the issue of getting a berth on one of the few ships making the week long journey. The whole process took me a year and I eventually spent three months on the island in late 2016.","caption_raw":"\"Untitled (#4768)\".\r\nTristan Da Cunha, seen from the boat after a 7-days journey. Getting to TdC is a bit of a struggle. One has to get permission from the island council. Next there is the issue of getting a berth on one of the few ships making the week long journey. The whole process took me a year and I eventually spent three months on the island in late 2016.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":294565,"filename":"\/users\/26320\/grant-submissions\/15838\/pnnbib98d728980a.jpg","created_at":"2019-02-28 17:06:11","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:06:11"},"story_block":null},{"id":181408,"grant_submission_id":15838,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":294568,"position":0,"created_at":"2019-02-28 17:07:01","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:44:14","caption":"\u201cCalshot Harbor (#4765_01)\".\r\nThe weather has to be kind enough to let people disembark, since there is no proper harbour on the island. Calshot is exclusively used for fishing boats and loading rafts.","caption_raw":"\u201cCalshot Harbor (#4765_01)\".\r\nThe weather has to be kind enough to let people disembark, since there is no proper harbour on the island. Calshot is exclusively used for fishing boats and loading rafts.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":294568,"filename":"\/users\/26320\/grant-submissions\/15838\/pnnbjp0341508e33.jpg","created_at":"2019-02-28 17:07:01","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:07:01"},"story_block":null},{"id":181430,"grant_submission_id":15838,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":294590,"position":0,"created_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:37","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:44:14","caption":"\"Untitled (#4904_04)\"\r\nThe 261 inhabitants of the island are all related to some degree since they all have common ancestors. To express this particularity in photography I \u201crearranged\u201d some families, replacing members with others in some portraits that I took.","caption_raw":"\"Untitled (#4904_04)\"\r\nThe 261 inhabitants of the island are all related to some degree since they all have common ancestors. To express this particularity in photography I \u201crearranged\u201d some families, replacing members with others in some portraits that I took.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":294590,"filename":"\/users\/26320\/grant-submissions\/15838\/pnnbo1b0c4c89aba.jpg","created_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:37","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:37"},"story_block":null},{"id":181431,"grant_submission_id":15838,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":294591,"position":0,"created_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:38","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:44:14","caption":"\"Untitled (#4767_09)\"\r\nThe 261 inhabitants of the island are all related to some degree since they all have common ancestors. To express this particularity in photography I \u201crearranged\u201d some families, replacing members with others in some portraits that I took.","caption_raw":"\"Untitled (#4767_09)\"\r\nThe 261 inhabitants of the island are all related to some degree since they all have common ancestors. To express this particularity in photography I \u201crearranged\u201d some families, replacing members with others in some portraits that I took.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":294591,"filename":"\/users\/26320\/grant-submissions\/15838\/pnnbo2d7b5cc15f7.jpg","created_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:38","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:38"},"story_block":null},{"id":181432,"grant_submission_id":15838,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":294592,"position":0,"created_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:40","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:44:14","caption":"\"Untitled (#4941_04)\"\r\nTristan Da Cunha is close to the roaring forties, hence the weather can get unforgiving at times.","caption_raw":"\"Untitled (#4941_04)\"\r\nTristan Da Cunha is close to the roaring forties, hence the weather can get unforgiving at times.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":294592,"filename":"\/users\/26320\/grant-submissions\/15838\/pnnbo48b70f95c24.jpg","created_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:40","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:40"},"story_block":null},{"id":181433,"grant_submission_id":15838,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":294593,"position":0,"created_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:41","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:44:14","caption":"\"Untitled (#4767_10)\"\r\nThe 261 inhabitants of the island are all related to some degree since they all have common ancestors. To express this particularity in photography I \u201crearranged\u201d some families, replacing members with others in some portraits that I took.","caption_raw":"\"Untitled (#4767_10)\"\r\nThe 261 inhabitants of the island are all related to some degree since they all have common ancestors. To express this particularity in photography I \u201crearranged\u201d some families, replacing members with others in some portraits that I took.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":294593,"filename":"\/users\/26320\/grant-submissions\/15838\/pnnbo4001019e3b7.jpg","created_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:41","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:41"},"story_block":null},{"id":181436,"grant_submission_id":15838,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":294596,"position":0,"created_at":"2019-02-28 17:10:11","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:44:14","caption":"\" Nightingale (#4929_01)\"\r\nNightingale, along with Inaccessible and Tristan form the archipelago. Only Tristan da Cunha is inhabited, the other two are wildlife reserves. Nightingale is home to 6 million sea birds.","caption_raw":"\" Nightingale (#4929_01)\"\r\nNightingale, along with Inaccessible and Tristan form the archipelago. Only Tristan da Cunha is inhabited, the other two are wildlife reserves. Nightingale is home to 6 million sea birds.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":294596,"filename":"\/users\/26320\/grant-submissions\/15838\/pnnboz1c9acc9852.jpg","created_at":"2019-02-28 17:10:11","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:10:11"},"story_block":null},{"id":181437,"grant_submission_id":15838,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":294597,"position":0,"created_at":"2019-02-28 17:10:21","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:44:14","caption":"\"Eden of the seven seas (polyptych #4899)\".\r\nThe village of Edinburgh of the Seven Seas is built on the only flat part of the island.\r\nThis polyptich was shot from the top of the lava flow that remains from the 1961 eruption. Fearing the complete destruction of the island, the entire population was evacuated and flung into 20th century industrial Britain. But the refugees were not impressed by this modern world so far removed from their own and preferred to return home two years later.","caption_raw":"\"Eden of the seven seas (polyptych #4899)\".\r\nThe village of Edinburgh of the Seven Seas is built on the only flat part of the island.\r\nThis polyptich was shot from the top of the lava flow that remains from the 1961 eruption. Fearing the complete destruction of the island, the entire population was evacuated and flung into 20th century industrial Britain. But the refugees were not impressed by this modern world so far removed from their own and preferred to return home two years later.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":294597,"filename":"\/users\/26320\/grant-submissions\/15838\/pnnbp9164f581cb5.jpg","created_at":"2019-02-28 17:10:21","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:10:21"},"story_block":null},{"id":181440,"grant_submission_id":15838,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":294600,"position":0,"created_at":"2019-02-28 17:12:29","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:44:14","caption":"\u201cTristan (#4929_05)\"\r\nTristan da Cunha seen from Nightingale Island (uninhabited).\r\nTdC, part of the British Overseas Territories, is the remotest inhabited island in the world, 2800km from Cape Town and only accessible after a seven-day (fishing or cargo) boat ride.","caption_raw":"\u201cTristan (#4929_05)\"\r\nTristan da Cunha seen from Nightingale Island (uninhabited).\r\nTdC, part of the British Overseas Territories, is the remotest inhabited island in the world, 2800km from Cape Town and only accessible after a seven-day (fishing or cargo) boat ride.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":294600,"filename":"\/users\/26320\/grant-submissions\/15838\/pnnbssb02662ca05.jpg","created_at":"2019-02-28 17:12:29","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:12:29"},"story_block":null},{"id":181441,"grant_submission_id":15838,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":294601,"position":0,"created_at":"2019-02-28 17:12:41","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:44:14","caption":"\" Anderson (#4930_06) \"\r\nPrivate property doesn't exist, land is communally owned and livestock is allocated proportionately to the size of each home. No crime has ever been committed on Tristan. Weather conditions restrict drastically the access to the sea; hence it is more a farming than a fishing community.","caption_raw":"\" Anderson (#4930_06) \"\r\nPrivate property doesn't exist, land is communally owned and livestock is allocated proportionately to the size of each home. No crime has ever been committed on Tristan. Weather conditions restrict drastically the access to the sea; hence it is more a farming than a fishing community.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":294601,"filename":"\/users\/26320\/grant-submissions\/15838\/pnnbt58aff05aaf3.jpg","created_at":"2019-02-28 17:12:41","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:12:41"},"story_block":null},{"id":181442,"grant_submission_id":15838,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":294602,"position":0,"created_at":"2019-02-28 17:12:44","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:44:14","caption":"\"Untitled (#4932_08)\u201d\r\nThe 37-sq miles volcanic island is not only small, but most of it is hardly accessible. The coastline is ringed with 2000ft. cliffs, surmounted by a gently sloping plateau that the locals call the Base. At the centre of the volcano Queen Mary\u2019s peak culminates at 6800ft.","caption_raw":"\"Untitled (#4932_08)\u201d\r\nThe 37-sq miles volcanic island is not only small, but most of it is hardly accessible. The coastline is ringed with 2000ft. cliffs, surmounted by a gently sloping plateau that the locals call the Base. At the centre of the volcano Queen Mary\u2019s peak culminates at 6800ft.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":294602,"filename":"\/users\/26320\/grant-submissions\/15838\/pnnbt725e0fae338.jpg","created_at":"2019-02-28 17:12:44","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:12:44"},"story_block":null},{"id":181443,"grant_submission_id":15838,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":294603,"position":0,"created_at":"2019-02-28 17:12:50","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:44:14","caption":"\"Untitled (#4919_10) \"\r\nA father and son enjoying some playtime on an overcast day, as they often are on the tiny speck lost in the middle of the South Atlantic.\r\nA stone\u2019s throw away from the roaring forties, French novelist Herv\u00e9 Bazin wrote \u201cTristan is a safe haven where the hostility of the elements allows them to escape the hostility of men\u201d (Les bienheureux de la desolation, 1970).","caption_raw":"\"Untitled (#4919_10) \"\r\nA father and son enjoying some playtime on an overcast day, as they often are on the tiny speck lost in the middle of the South Atlantic.\r\nA stone\u2019s throw away from the roaring forties, French novelist Herv\u00e9 Bazin wrote \u201cTristan is a safe haven where the hostility of the elements allows them to escape the hostility of men\u201d (Les bienheureux de la desolation, 1970).","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":294603,"filename":"\/users\/26320\/grant-submissions\/15838\/pnnbte1c287e7f71.jpg","created_at":"2019-02-28 17:12:50","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:12:50"},"story_block":null},{"id":181444,"grant_submission_id":15838,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":294604,"position":0,"created_at":"2019-02-28 17:12:50","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:44:14","caption":"\"Untitled (#4901_03)\"\r\nThere is not much alternative for the youth to become fisherman when of age. It\u2019s either that or leaving the island, but very few do step in the \u201creal world\u201d to pursue their studies after the local high school.","caption_raw":"\"Untitled (#4901_03)\"\r\nThere is not much alternative for the youth to become fisherman when of age. It\u2019s either that or leaving the island, but very few do step in the \u201creal world\u201d to pursue their studies after the local high school.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":294604,"filename":"\/users\/26320\/grant-submissions\/15838\/pnnbtefe9e972ed0.jpg","created_at":"2019-02-28 17:12:50","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:12:50"},"story_block":null},{"id":181404,"grant_submission_id":15838,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":294564,"position":1,"created_at":"2019-02-28 17:06:03","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:44:14","caption":"\"Ella, Kirsty and Aiden Repetto (#4760_03).\r\nThe 266 islanders are all descendants of exiled and castaways who followed in the footsteps of Corporal William Glass. In 1817, when his British garrison departed he decided to stay on along with a couple of masons.","caption_raw":"\"Ella, Kirsty and Aiden Repetto (#4760_03).\r\nThe 266 islanders are all descendants of exiled and castaways who followed in the footsteps of Corporal William Glass. In 1817, when his British garrison departed he decided to stay on along with a couple of masons.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":294564,"filename":"\/users\/26320\/grant-submissions\/15838\/pnnbi30efb7937e3.jpg","created_at":"2019-02-28 17:06:03","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:06:03"},"story_block":null},{"id":181403,"grant_submission_id":15838,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":294563,"position":2,"created_at":"2019-02-28 17:05:51","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:44:14","caption":"\"Untitled (#4763_08)\u201d.\r\nWhile most young men of age go fishing, the seniors wait for their return to process the fish at the local factory. The valuable rock lobster is one of the rare mean of income for the community.","caption_raw":"\"Untitled (#4763_08)\u201d.\r\nWhile most young men of age go fishing, the seniors wait for their return to process the fish at the local factory. The valuable rock lobster is one of the rare mean of income for the community.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":294563,"filename":"\/users\/26320\/grant-submissions\/15838\/pnnbhr3b5e206938.jpg","created_at":"2019-02-28 17:05:51","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:05:51"},"story_block":null},{"id":181435,"grant_submission_id":15838,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":294595,"position":3,"created_at":"2019-02-28 17:10:06","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:44:14","caption":"\"The patches (#4911)\u201d.\r\nSince the very beginning of the settlement potatoes have been an essential part of their subsistence economy, as it can grow in such windy conditions. Each family has a patch of land a couple of kilometres away from the village where they grow potatoes. Before money appeared on the island in the mid-XX century, spuds were the only currency in use.","caption_raw":"\"The patches (#4911)\u201d.\r\nSince the very beginning of the settlement potatoes have been an essential part of their subsistence economy, as it can grow in such windy conditions. Each family has a patch of land a couple of kilometres away from the village where they grow potatoes. Before money appeared on the island in the mid-XX century, spuds were the only currency in use.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":294595,"filename":"\/users\/26320\/grant-submissions\/15838\/pnnbot5e9b246ddc.jpg","created_at":"2019-02-28 17:10:06","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:10:06"},"story_block":null},{"id":181427,"grant_submission_id":15838,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":294587,"position":4,"created_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:32","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:44:14","caption":"\"The Base (#4761_04)\u201d.\r\nThe 37-sq miles volcanic island is not only small, but most of it is hardly accessible. The coastline is ringed with 2000ft. cliffs, surmounted by a gently sloping plateau that the locals call the Base. At the centre of the volcano Queen Mary\u2019s peak culminates at 6800ft.","caption_raw":"\"The Base (#4761_04)\u201d.\r\nThe 37-sq miles volcanic island is not only small, but most of it is hardly accessible. The coastline is ringed with 2000ft. cliffs, surmounted by a gently sloping plateau that the locals call the Base. At the centre of the volcano Queen Mary\u2019s peak culminates at 6800ft.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":294587,"filename":"\/users\/26320\/grant-submissions\/15838\/pnnbnv7a9cd0ff21.jpg","created_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:32","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:32"},"story_block":null},{"id":181429,"grant_submission_id":15838,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":294589,"position":5,"created_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:37","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:44:14","caption":"\"Untitled (#4901_06)\"\r\nA group of friends and relatives do some repair work on a home. Mutual aid is a common and shared value on Tristan.\r\n\u201cIf a man has a job to do that is more than he can handle alone, he summons the assistance, not of an indiscriminate number of volunteers, but of specific persons whom he calls. It almost takes the form of an invitation\u201d (Peter Munch, ibid.)","caption_raw":"\"Untitled (#4901_06)\"\r\nA group of friends and relatives do some repair work on a home. Mutual aid is a common and shared value on Tristan.\r\n\u201cIf a man has a job to do that is more than he can handle alone, he summons the assistance, not of an indiscriminate number of volunteers, but of specific persons whom he calls. It almost takes the form of an invitation\u201d (Peter Munch, ibid.)","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":294589,"filename":"\/users\/26320\/grant-submissions\/15838\/pnnbo17ae7565cbc.jpg","created_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:37","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:37"},"story_block":null},{"id":181411,"grant_submission_id":15838,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":294571,"position":6,"created_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:13","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:44:14","caption":"\"Untitled (#4752_11)\".\r\nThere is not much alternative for the youth to become fisherman when of age. It\u2019s either that or leaving the island, but very few do step in the \u201creal world\u201d to pursue their studies after the local high school.","caption_raw":"\"Untitled (#4752_11)\".\r\nThere is not much alternative for the youth to become fisherman when of age. It\u2019s either that or leaving the island, but very few do step in the \u201creal world\u201d to pursue their studies after the local high school.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":294571,"filename":"\/users\/26320\/grant-submissions\/15838\/pnnbnd9f3efa03a6.jpg","created_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:13","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:13"},"story_block":null},{"id":181434,"grant_submission_id":15838,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":294594,"position":7,"created_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:48","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:44:14","caption":"\"Untitled (#4917_03)\".\r\nThe fishing boats are owned and manned by crews of friends or close relatives. As sociologist Peter Munch noted \u201c they like to do things together in small selected groups that may vary in size depending on the nature of the work, and the tendency is to turn every job of significance into a cooperative affair\u201d (in \u201cCrisis in Utopia\u201d, 1971).","caption_raw":"\"Untitled (#4917_03)\".\r\nThe fishing boats are owned and manned by crews of friends or close relatives. As sociologist Peter Munch noted \u201c they like to do things together in small selected groups that may vary in size depending on the nature of the work, and the tendency is to turn every job of significance into a cooperative affair\u201d (in \u201cCrisis in Utopia\u201d, 1971).","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":294594,"filename":"\/users\/26320\/grant-submissions\/15838\/pnnbocea9216bb74.jpg","created_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:48","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:09:48"},"story_block":null}],"cover_block_image":{"id":181404,"grant_submission_id":15838,"story_block_id":null,"image_id":294564,"position":1,"created_at":"2019-02-28 17:06:03","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:44:14","caption":"\"Ella, Kirsty and Aiden Repetto (#4760_03).\r\nThe 266 islanders are all descendants of exiled and castaways who followed in the footsteps of Corporal William Glass. In 1817, when his British garrison departed he decided to stay on along with a couple of masons.","caption_raw":"\"Ella, Kirsty and Aiden Repetto (#4760_03).\r\nThe 266 islanders are all descendants of exiled and castaways who followed in the footsteps of Corporal William Glass. In 1817, when his British garrison departed he decided to stay on along with a couple of masons.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":294564,"filename":"\/users\/26320\/grant-submissions\/15838\/pnnbi30efb7937e3.jpg","created_at":"2019-02-28 17:06:03","updated_at":"2019-02-28 17:06:03"}},"user":{"id":26320,"firstname":"Richard","lastname":"Pak","username":"RichardPak","can_skip_grant_payment":0,"is_unsubscribed_from_grant_emails":0,"disabled_at":null,"gender":"male","has_agreed_to_newsletter":0,"has_agreed_to_newsletter_at":null,"timezone":null,"is_legacy":0,"legacy_id":null,"accepted_tandcs_may18_at":"2019-02-28 15:03:49","last_logged_in_at":"2019-04-10 11:28:00","created_at":"2017-02-15 17:38:36","updated_at":"2019-04-10 17:05:06","deleted_at":null,"profile":{"id":26301,"user_id":26320,"born_in_id":null,"based_in_id":null,"currently_in_id":null,"nationality_id":64,"avatar":"\/users\/26320\/avatars\/ppqthq5b7c607e33.jpg","cover_image":"\/users\/26320\/cover_images\/ppqthuc86cadf078.jpg","born_at":"1972-12-07 00:12:00","profession":null,"bio":null,"long_bio":"<p>Richard Pak is a French visual artist born in 1972. His work is photography based but he also employs video and writing. Using indifferently a documentary style or a more serial and systematic approach, his work deals mainly with the representation of intimacy in both the private and public spheres as well as focusing on misfits and people on the fringe of mainstream society.<\/p><p>He has been exhibited nationally and internationally, including at: Le Ch\u00e2teau d\u2019Eau (France), Le Pavillon Populaire (France), Le Centre Atlantique de la Photographie (France), Gallery Stieglitz19 (Belgium), PhotoPhnomPenh (Cambodia), Noorderlicht Photofestival (Netherlands), Festival Images Singuli\u00e8res (France).<\/p><p>He has published two monographs: Pursuit (journal and Filigranes) in 2012 and Les Fr\u00e8res-Pareils (Filigranes) in 2015.<\/p><p>His works are part of public and private collections, such as Biblioth\u00e8que Nationale de France, Le Ch\u00e2teau d\u2019Eau, Le Centre Atlantique de la Photographie, etc.<\/p>","long_bio_raw":"Richard Pak is a French visual artist born in 1972. His work is photography based but he also employs video and writing. Using indifferently a documentary style or a more serial and systematic approach, his work deals mainly with the representation of intimacy in both the private and public spheres as well as focusing on misfits and people on the fringe of mainstream society.\nHe has been exhibited nationally and internationally, including at: Le Ch\u00e2teau d\u2019Eau (France), Le Pavillon Populaire (France), Le Centre Atlantique de la Photographie (France), Gallery Stieglitz19 (Belgium), PhotoPhnomPenh (Cambodia), Noorderlicht Photofestival (Netherlands), Festival Images Singuli\u00e8res (France).\nHe has published two monographs: Pursuit (journal and Filigranes) in 2012 and Les Fr\u00e8res-Pareils (Filigranes) in 2015.\nHis works are part of public and private collections, such as Biblioth\u00e8que Nationale de France, Le Ch\u00e2teau d\u2019Eau, Le Centre Atlantique de la Photographie, etc.","twitter_handle":null,"facebook_handle":"richard.pak.395","skype_handle":null,"google_plus_handle":null,"pinterest_handle":null,"instagram_handle":"richardpakfr\/","vimeo_handle":null,"youtube_handle":null,"telephone":null,"show_explicit_content":"0","created_at":"2017-02-15 17:38:36","updated_at":"2019-04-10 17:05:06"}}}