Universal Experience

  • Look at the picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China’s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It’s alien, it’s barren and it’s dead. It’s a wild landscape but at the same time it’s a landscape that’s been tamed for human consumption. The attempts to control and manage the landscape are both a part of this overcoming of the past, and also an attempt to transform nature into a theme park for contemporary consumption. Implicit in this attempt is the idea that the earthquakes, the landslides, the famines, invasions and the floods are a thing of a great and colourful past. They are part of a history that has been transformed into nostalgia. But at the same time, one recognises this might not be the case, that there might be an underlying anxiety to this enclosed world. It is also a reminder that the land does not pay heed to humanity’s wishes. It can and it will bite back no matter how much we try to tame it. The only question is when.

  • In addition to taming the landscape through enclosure, one also observes the psychological control of the land through the giant statues of historical figures that have been erected across the places visited. In Lushan (pictured), a 128m high statue of the Buddha gazes serenely over the landscape, in Yuncheng, the warrior GuanYu looks over the mountains, while in Mongolia, a giant statue of Genghis Khan dominates the world that he was destined to conquer. Here a number of surveillance strategies are at play, we have a multitude of gazes. From the Buddha’s passive yet domineering acceptance to Khan’s desire to conquer and dominate, these images show the opposing ways in which we psychologically manage a landscape that we are both part of and alien to. This is particulary relevant in China where fast-track urbanisation has alienated the population both from the countryside and from their own histories. As construction has changed the face of China’s cities so the past has been eradicated, the humiliations of repeated invasion and occupation buried under a steel-sheathed mass of statement architecture.

  • Look at the picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China’s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It’s alien, it’s barren and it’s dead. It’s a wild landscape but at the same time it’s a landscape that’s been tamed for human consumption. There on the right of the frame is a fence, a viewing platform. It’s a landscape made for tourists. Yes, we could be on another planet, but it’s a planet that you can visit on a daytrip, a planet you can photograph with your phone. It has a road and that road leads back to civilisation. It’s the picturesque and the sublime wrapped in one, a contemporary Instagram planet, or (in China at least) a WeChat planet.

  • Look at the picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China’s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It’s alien, it’s barren and it’s dead. It’s a wild landscape but at the same time it’s a landscape that’s been tamed for human consumption. There are fences and viewing points throughout these images, marking the right spot to view from, the right picture to take. In another image from Gansu, we see an empty flattened viewing space with fenced off pathways heading in four directions. On the one hand this fencing off represents an enclosure, on the other it recognises the danger of the landscape. People are fenced off for their own protection because this is a landscape that does threaten human life. It is a desertified landscape that encroaches and invades and through history has brought death and destruction.

  • Look at the picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China’s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It’s alien, it’s barren and it’s dead. It’s a wild landscape but at the same time it’s a landscape that’s been tamed for human consumption. The attempts to control and manage the landscape are both a part of this overcoming of the past, and also an attempt to transform nature into a theme park for contemporary consumption. Implicit in this attempt is the idea that the earthquakes, the landslides, the famines, invasions and the floods are a thing of a great and colourful past. They are part of a history that has been transformed into nostalgia. But at the same time, one recognises this might not be the case, that there might be an underlying anxiety to this enclosed world. It is a reminder that the land does not pay heed to humanity’s wishes. It can and it will bite back no matter how much we try to tame it. The only question is when.

  • In addition to taming the landscape through enclosure, one also observes the psychological control of the land through the giant statues of historical figures that have been erected across the places visited. In Lushan, a 128m high statue of the Buddha gazes serenely over the landscape, in Yuncheng, the warrior GuanYu (pictured) looks over the mountains, while in Mongolia, a giant statue of Genghis Khan dominates the world that he was destined to conquer. Here a number of surveillance strategies are at play, we have a multitude of gazes. From the Buddha’s passive yet domineering acceptance to Khan’s desire to conquer and dominate, these images show the opposing ways in which we psychologically manage a landscape that we are both part of and alien to. This is particulary relevant in China where fast-track urbanisation has alienated the population both from the countryside and from their own histories. As construction has changed the face of China’s cities so the past has been eradicated, the humiliations of repeated invasion and occupation buried under a steel-sheathed mass of statement architecture.

  • In addition to taming the landscape through enclosure, one also observes the psychological control of the land through the giant statues of historical figures that have been erected across the places visited. In Lushan, a 128m high statue of the Buddha gazes serenely over the landscape, in Yuncheng, the warrior GuanYu looks over the mountains, while in Mongolia (pictured) a giant Buddha, at 23 meters high looks over Buddha Park. Built in 2006 the Buddha Statue is made of material named U-light from Korea which is water and wind resistant for over 500 years. The Buddha statue is said to looks over the entire UB city and protects the city from any danger.

  • Look at the picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China’s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It’s alien, it’s barren and it’s dead. It’s a wild landscape but at the same time it’s a landscape that’s been tamed for human consumption. The attempts to control and manage the landscape are both a part of this overcoming of the past, and also an attempt to transform nature into a theme park for contemporary consumption. Implicit in this attempt is the idea that the earthquakes, the landslides, the famines, invasions and the floods are a thing of a great and colourful past. They are part of a history that has been transformed into nostalgia. But at the same time, one recognises this might not be the case, that there might be an underlying anxiety to this enclosed world. It is a reminder that the land does not pay heed to humanity’s wishes. It can and it will bite back no matter how much we try to tame it. The only question is when.

  • Look at the picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China’s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It’s alien, it’s barren and it’s dead. It’s a wild landscape but at the same time it’s a landscape that’s been tamed for human consumption. The attempts to control and manage the landscape are both a part of this overcoming of the past, and also an attempt to transform nature into a theme park for contemporary consumption. Implicit in this attempt is the idea that the earthquakes, the landslides, the famines, invasions and the floods are a thing of a great and colourful past. They are part of a history that has been transformed into nostalgia. But at the same time, one recognises this might not be the case, that there might be an underlying anxiety to this enclosed world. It is a reminder that the land does not pay heed to humanity’s wishes. It can and it will bite back no matter how much we try to tame it. The only question is when.

  • Look at the picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China’s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It’s alien, it’s barren and it’s dead. It’s a wild landscape but at the same time it’s a landscape that’s been tamed for human consumption. The attempts to control and manage the landscape are both a part of this overcoming of the past, and also an attempt to transform nature into a theme park for contemporary consumption. Implicit in this attempt is the idea that the earthquakes, the landslides, the famines, invasions and the floods are a thing of a great and colourful past. They are part of a history that has been transformed into nostalgia. But at the same time, one recognises this might not be the case, that there might be an underlying anxiety to this enclosed world. It is a reminder that the land does not pay heed to humanity’s wishes. It can and it will bite back no matter how much we try to tame it. The only question is when.

  • Look at the picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China’s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It’s alien, it’s barren and it’s dead. It’s a wild landscape but at the same time it’s a landscape that’s been tamed for human consumption. The attempts to control and manage the landscape are both a part of this overcoming of the past, and also an attempt to transform nature into a theme park for contemporary consumption. Implicit in this attempt is the idea that the earthquakes, the landslides, the famines, invasions and the floods are a thing of a great and colourful past. They are part of a history that has been transformed into nostalgia. But at the same time, one recognises this might not be the case, that there might be an underlying anxiety to this enclosed world. It is a reminder that the land does not pay heed to humanity’s wishes. It can and it will bite back no matter how much we try to tame it. The only question is when.

Universal Experience

Landscape, Contemporary Issues, Fine Art
{"id":13458,"grant_id":10,"user_id":12039,"grant_submission_status_id":4,"grant_result_type_id":null,"cover_block_id":151147,"story_id":13389,"place_id":null,"title":"Universal Experience","excerpt":"<p>Catherine Hyland is a photographer living and working in London. Her work is primarily landscape based, rooted on notions of fabricated memory, grids, enclosures and national identity. She graduated from Chelsea College of Art with a 1st Class BA (Hons) Degree in Fine Art and completed her Masters.<\/p>","excerpt_raw":"Catherine Hyland is a photographer living and working in London. Her work is primarily landscape based, rooted on notions of fabricated memory, grids, enclosures and national identity. She graduated from Chelsea College of Art with a 1st Class BA (Hons) Degree in Fine Art and completed her Masters.","body":"<p>Universal Experience\r<\/p><p>Picturesque, Sublime and Dangerous: Landscapes with Chinese Characteristics\r<\/p><p>It\u2019s the immensity of Catherine Hyland\u2019s landscapes that first grab you. Look at her picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China\u2019s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It\u2019s alien, it\u2019s barren and it\u2019s dead.\r<\/p><p>It\u2019s a wild landscape but at the same time it\u2019s a landscape that\u2019s been tamed for human consumption. There on the right of the frame is a fence, a viewing platform. It\u2019s a landscape made for tourists. Yes, we could be on another planet, but it\u2019s a planet that you can visit on a daytrip, a planet you can photograph with your phone. It has a road and that road leads back to civilisation. It\u2019s the picturesque and the sublime wrapped in one, a contemporary Instagram planet, or (in China at least) a WeChat planet.\r<\/p><p>There are fences and viewing points throughout Hyland\u2019s images, marking the right spot to view from, the right picture to take. In another image from Gansu, we see an empty flattened viewing space with fenced off pathways heading in four directions. On the one hand this fencing off represents an enclosure, on the other it recognises the danger of the landscape. People are fenced off for their own protection because this is a landscape that does threaten human life. It is a desertified landscape that encroaches and invades and through history has brought death and destruction.\r<\/p><p>In addition to taming the landscape through enclosure, Hyland also photographs the psychological control of the land through the giant statues of historical figures that have been erected across the places she visits. In Lushan, a 128m high statue of the Buddha gazes serenely over the landscape, in Yuncheng, the warrior GuanYu looks over the mountains, while in Mongolia, a giant statue of Genghis Khan dominates the world that he was destined to conquer.\r<\/p><p>Here a number of surveillance strategies are at play, we have a multitude of gazes. From the Buddha\u2019s passive yet domineering acceptance to Khan\u2019s desire to conquer and dominate, these images show the opposing ways in which we psychologically manage a landscape that we are both part of and alien to.\r<\/p><p>This is particulary relevant in China where fast-track urbanisation has alienated the population both from the countryside and from their own histories. As construction has changed the face of China\u2019s cities so the past has been eradicated, the humiliations of repeated invasion and occupation buried under a steel-sheathed mass of statement architecture.\r<\/p><p>The attempts to control and manage the landscape are both a part of this overcoming of the past, and also an attempt to transform nature into a theme park for contemporary consumption. Implicit in this attempt is the idea that the earthquakes, the landslides, the famines, invasions and the floods are a thing of a great and colourful past. They are part of a history that has been transformed into nostalgia. But at the same time, Hyland recognises this might not be the case, that there might be an underlying anxiety to this enclosed world. Her image of a mountaintop memorial in Mongolia\u2019s capital, Ulaanbataar, is not just a monument to Soviet war dead. It is also a reminder that the land does not pay heed to humanity\u2019s wishes. It can and it will bite back no matter how much we try to tame it. The only question is when.<\/p>","body_raw":"Universal Experience\r\n\r\nPicturesque, Sublime and Dangerous: Landscapes with Chinese Characteristics\r\n\r\nIt\u2019s the immensity of Catherine Hyland\u2019s landscapes that first grab you. Look at her picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China\u2019s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It\u2019s alien, it\u2019s barren and it\u2019s dead.\r\n\r\nIt\u2019s a wild landscape but at the same time it\u2019s a landscape that\u2019s been tamed for human consumption. There on the right of the frame is a fence, a viewing platform. It\u2019s a landscape made for tourists. Yes, we could be on another planet, but it\u2019s a planet that you can visit on a daytrip, a planet you can photograph with your phone. It has a road and that road leads back to civilisation. It\u2019s the picturesque and the sublime wrapped in one, a contemporary Instagram planet, or (in China at least) a WeChat planet.\r\n\r\nThere are fences and viewing points throughout Hyland\u2019s images, marking the right spot to view from, the right picture to take. In another image from Gansu, we see an empty flattened viewing space with fenced off pathways heading in four directions. On the one hand this fencing off represents an enclosure, on the other it recognises the danger of the landscape. People are fenced off for their own protection because this is a landscape that does threaten human life. It is a desertified landscape that encroaches and invades and through history has brought death and destruction.\r\n\r\nIn addition to taming the landscape through enclosure, Hyland also photographs the psychological control of the land through the giant statues of historical figures that have been erected across the places she visits. In Lushan, a 128m high statue of the Buddha gazes serenely over the landscape, in Yuncheng, the warrior GuanYu looks over the mountains, while in Mongolia, a giant statue of Genghis Khan dominates the world that he was destined to conquer.\r\n\r\nHere a number of surveillance strategies are at play, we have a multitude of gazes. From the Buddha\u2019s passive yet domineering acceptance to Khan\u2019s desire to conquer and dominate, these images show the opposing ways in which we psychologically manage a landscape that we are both part of and alien to.\r\n\r\nThis is particulary relevant in China where fast-track urbanisation has alienated the population both from the countryside and from their own histories. As construction has changed the face of China\u2019s cities so the past has been eradicated, the humiliations of repeated invasion and occupation buried under a steel-sheathed mass of statement architecture.\r\n\r\nThe attempts to control and manage the landscape are both a part of this overcoming of the past, and also an attempt to transform nature into a theme park for contemporary consumption. Implicit in this attempt is the idea that the earthquakes, the landslides, the famines, invasions and the floods are a thing of a great and colourful past. They are part of a history that has been transformed into nostalgia. But at the same time, Hyland recognises this might not be the case, that there might be an underlying anxiety to this enclosed world. Her image of a mountaintop memorial in Mongolia\u2019s capital, Ulaanbataar, is not just a monument to Soviet war dead. It is also a reminder that the land does not pay heed to humanity\u2019s wishes. It can and it will bite back no matter how much we try to tame it. The only question is when.","is_shortlisted":1,"is_strong":0,"is_ongoing":1,"is_unpublished":0,"sent_first_email_reminder":0,"started_at":"2016-01-01 00:00:00","ended_at":null,"created_at":"2019-01-29 16:11:21","updated_at":"2019-01-29 19:57:53","place":null,"publications":[],"categories":[{"id":2,"name":"Landscape","slug":"landscape","created_at":"2015-11-30 18:49:31","updated_at":"2015-11-30 18:49:31","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":13458,"category_id":2}},{"id":6,"name":"Contemporary Issues","slug":"contemporary-issues","created_at":"2015-11-30 18:49:31","updated_at":"2015-11-30 18:49:31","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":13458,"category_id":6}},{"id":13,"name":"Fine Art","slug":"fine-art","created_at":"2015-12-08 13:17:42","updated_at":"2015-12-08 13:17:42","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":13458,"category_id":13}}],"tags":[{"id":40,"tag":"landscape","created_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:37","updated_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:37","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":13458,"tag_id":40}},{"id":6,"tag":"china","created_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:37","updated_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:37","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":13458,"tag_id":6}},{"id":3518,"tag":"sublime","created_at":"2015-12-07 17:06:13","updated_at":"2015-12-07 17:06:13","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":13458,"tag_id":3518}},{"id":59,"tag":"space","created_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:37","updated_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:37","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":13458,"tag_id":59}},{"id":10367,"tag":"collective memory","created_at":"2017-02-13 15:16:45","updated_at":"2017-02-13 15:16:45","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":13458,"tag_id":10367}},{"id":1273,"tag":"boundaries","created_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:45","updated_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:45","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":13458,"tag_id":1273}},{"id":835,"tag":"tourism","created_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:42","updated_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:42","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":13458,"tag_id":835}},{"id":1475,"tag":"escape","created_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:47","updated_at":"2015-12-07 17:05:47","pivot":{"grant_submission_id":13458,"tag_id":1475}}],"blocks":[{"id":151147,"grant_submission_id":13458,"story_block_id":122867,"image_id":177720,"position":0,"created_at":"2019-01-29 16:11:21","updated_at":"2019-01-29 16:14:42","caption":"Look at the picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China\u2019s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It\u2019s alien, it\u2019s barren and it\u2019s dead. It\u2019s a wild landscape but at the same time it\u2019s a landscape that\u2019s been tamed for human consumption. The attempts to control and manage the landscape are both a part of this overcoming of the past, and also an attempt to transform nature into a theme park for contemporary consumption. Implicit in this attempt is the idea that the earthquakes, the landslides, the famines, invasions and the floods are a thing of a great and colourful past. They are part of a history that has been transformed into nostalgia. But at the same time, one recognises this might not be the case, that there might be an underlying anxiety to this enclosed world. It is also a reminder that the land does not pay heed to humanity\u2019s wishes. 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They are part of a history that has been transformed into nostalgia. But at the same time, one recognises this might not be the case, that there might be an underlying anxiety to this enclosed world. It is also a reminder that the land does not pay heed to humanity\u2019s wishes. It can and it will bite back no matter how much we try to tame it. 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As construction has changed the face of China\u2019s cities so the past has been eradicated, the humiliations of repeated invasion and occupation buried under a steel-sheathed mass of statement architecture.","caption_raw":"In addition to taming the landscape through enclosure, one also observes the psychological control of the land through the giant statues of historical figures that have been erected across the places visited. In Lushan (pictured), a 128m high statue of the Buddha gazes serenely over the landscape, in Yuncheng, the warrior GuanYu looks over the mountains, while in Mongolia, a giant statue of Genghis Khan dominates the world that he was destined to conquer. Here a number of surveillance strategies are at play, we have a multitude of gazes. From the Buddha\u2019s passive yet domineering acceptance to Khan\u2019s desire to conquer and dominate, these images show the opposing ways in which we psychologically manage a landscape that we are both part of and alien to. This is particulary relevant in China where fast-track urbanisation has alienated the population both from the countryside and from their own histories. As construction has changed the face of China\u2019s cities so the past has been eradicated, the humiliations of repeated invasion and occupation buried under a steel-sheathed mass of statement architecture.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":265145,"filename":"\/users\/12039\/grant-submissions\/13458\/pm3p354931528106.jpg","created_at":"2019-01-29 16:13:53","updated_at":"2019-01-29 16:13:53"},"story_block":null},{"id":151148,"grant_submission_id":13458,"story_block_id":122868,"image_id":177721,"position":1,"created_at":"2019-01-29 16:11:21","updated_at":"2019-01-29 16:14:42","caption":"Look at the picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China\u2019s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It\u2019s alien, it\u2019s barren and it\u2019s dead. It\u2019s a wild landscape but at the same time it\u2019s a landscape that\u2019s been tamed for human consumption. There on the right of the frame is a fence, a viewing platform. It\u2019s a landscape made for tourists. Yes, we could be on another planet, but it\u2019s a planet that you can visit on a daytrip, a planet you can photograph with your phone. It has a road and that road leads back to civilisation. It\u2019s the picturesque and the sublime wrapped in one, a contemporary Instagram planet, or (in China at least) a WeChat planet.","caption_raw":"Look at the picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China\u2019s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It\u2019s alien, it\u2019s barren and it\u2019s dead. It\u2019s a wild landscape but at the same time it\u2019s a landscape that\u2019s been tamed for human consumption. There on the right of the frame is a fence, a viewing platform. It\u2019s a landscape made for tourists. Yes, we could be on another planet, but it\u2019s a planet that you can visit on a daytrip, a planet you can photograph with your phone. It has a road and that road leads back to civilisation. It\u2019s the picturesque and the sublime wrapped in one, a contemporary Instagram planet, or (in China at least) a WeChat planet.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":177721,"filename":"\/users\/12039\/grant-submissions\/6875\/oxpzpd235592f941.jpg","created_at":"2017-10-12 17:10:25","updated_at":"2017-10-12 17:10:25"},"story_block":{"id":122868,"story_id":13389,"image_id":177721,"video_id":null,"caption":"","caption_raw":null,"position":1,"is_explicit":null,"is_admin_explicit":null,"is_legacy":0,"legacy_id":null,"created_at":"2017-10-12 17:48:41","updated_at":"2017-10-12 17:48:41","meta":{"is_liked":false,"like_count":0},"activity_attributes":{"story":{"title":"Universal Experience","started_at":"2016-01-01 00:01:00","ended_at":null,"slug":"universal-experience-8cde447f1d","place":"China","user":{"firstname":"Catherine","lastname":"Hyland","username":"catherinehyland","profile":{"avatar":"\/users\/12039\/avatars\/nyoq539d723798a4.jpeg"}}},"image_filename":"\/users\/12039\/grant-submissions\/6875\/oxpzpd235592f941.jpg","video_meta":null},"image":{"id":177721,"filename":"\/users\/12039\/grant-submissions\/6875\/oxpzpd235592f941.jpg","created_at":"2017-10-12 17:10:25","updated_at":"2017-10-12 17:10:25"},"video":null}},{"id":151149,"grant_submission_id":13458,"story_block_id":122869,"image_id":177723,"position":2,"created_at":"2019-01-29 16:11:21","updated_at":"2019-01-29 16:14:42","caption":"Look at the picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China\u2019s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It\u2019s alien, it\u2019s barren and it\u2019s dead. It\u2019s a wild landscape but at the same time it\u2019s a landscape that\u2019s been tamed for human consumption. There are fences and viewing points throughout these images, marking the right spot to view from, the right picture to take. In another image from Gansu, we see an empty flattened viewing space with fenced off pathways heading in four directions. On the one hand this fencing off represents an enclosure, on the other it recognises the danger of the landscape. People are fenced off for their own protection because this is a landscape that does threaten human life. It is a desertified landscape that encroaches and invades and through history has brought death and destruction.","caption_raw":"Look at the picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China\u2019s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It\u2019s alien, it\u2019s barren and it\u2019s dead. It\u2019s a wild landscape but at the same time it\u2019s a landscape that\u2019s been tamed for human consumption. There are fences and viewing points throughout these images, marking the right spot to view from, the right picture to take. In another image from Gansu, we see an empty flattened viewing space with fenced off pathways heading in four directions. On the one hand this fencing off represents an enclosure, on the other it recognises the danger of the landscape. People are fenced off for their own protection because this is a landscape that does threaten human life. It is a desertified landscape that encroaches and invades and through history has brought death and destruction.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":177723,"filename":"\/users\/12039\/grant-submissions\/6875\/oxpzpt4a9a5d77de.jpg","created_at":"2017-10-12 17:10:41","updated_at":"2017-10-12 17:10:41"},"story_block":{"id":122869,"story_id":13389,"image_id":177723,"video_id":null,"caption":"","caption_raw":null,"position":2,"is_explicit":null,"is_admin_explicit":null,"is_legacy":0,"legacy_id":null,"created_at":"2017-10-12 17:48:41","updated_at":"2017-10-12 17:48:41","meta":{"is_liked":false,"like_count":0},"activity_attributes":{"story":{"title":"Universal Experience","started_at":"2016-01-01 00:01:00","ended_at":null,"slug":"universal-experience-8cde447f1d","place":"China","user":{"firstname":"Catherine","lastname":"Hyland","username":"catherinehyland","profile":{"avatar":"\/users\/12039\/avatars\/nyoq539d723798a4.jpeg"}}},"image_filename":"\/users\/12039\/grant-submissions\/6875\/oxpzpt4a9a5d77de.jpg","video_meta":null},"image":{"id":177723,"filename":"\/users\/12039\/grant-submissions\/6875\/oxpzpt4a9a5d77de.jpg","created_at":"2017-10-12 17:10:41","updated_at":"2017-10-12 17:10:41"},"video":null}},{"id":151150,"grant_submission_id":13458,"story_block_id":122870,"image_id":177724,"position":3,"created_at":"2019-01-29 16:11:21","updated_at":"2019-01-29 16:14:42","caption":"Look at the picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China\u2019s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It\u2019s alien, it\u2019s barren and it\u2019s dead. It\u2019s a wild landscape but at the same time it\u2019s a landscape that\u2019s been tamed for human consumption. The attempts to control and manage the landscape are both a part of this overcoming of the past, and also an attempt to transform nature into a theme park for contemporary consumption. Implicit in this attempt is the idea that the earthquakes, the landslides, the famines, invasions and the floods are a thing of a great and colourful past. They are part of a history that has been transformed into nostalgia. But at the same time, one recognises this might not be the case, that there might be an underlying anxiety to this enclosed world. It is a reminder that the land does not pay heed to humanity\u2019s wishes. It can and it will bite back no matter how much we try to tame it. The only question is when.","caption_raw":"Look at the picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China\u2019s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It\u2019s alien, it\u2019s barren and it\u2019s dead. It\u2019s a wild landscape but at the same time it\u2019s a landscape that\u2019s been tamed for human consumption. The attempts to control and manage the landscape are both a part of this overcoming of the past, and also an attempt to transform nature into a theme park for contemporary consumption. Implicit in this attempt is the idea that the earthquakes, the landslides, the famines, invasions and the floods are a thing of a great and colourful past. They are part of a history that has been transformed into nostalgia. But at the same time, one recognises this might not be the case, that there might be an underlying anxiety to this enclosed world. It is a reminder that the land does not pay heed to humanity\u2019s wishes. It can and it will bite back no matter how much we try to tame it. The only question is when.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":177724,"filename":"\/users\/12039\/grant-submissions\/6875\/oxpzpy839b5c7053.jpg","created_at":"2017-10-12 17:10:47","updated_at":"2017-10-12 17:10:47"},"story_block":{"id":122870,"story_id":13389,"image_id":177724,"video_id":null,"caption":"","caption_raw":null,"position":3,"is_explicit":null,"is_admin_explicit":null,"is_legacy":0,"legacy_id":null,"created_at":"2017-10-12 17:48:41","updated_at":"2017-10-12 17:48:41","meta":{"is_liked":false,"like_count":0},"activity_attributes":{"story":{"title":"Universal Experience","started_at":"2016-01-01 00:01:00","ended_at":null,"slug":"universal-experience-8cde447f1d","place":"China","user":{"firstname":"Catherine","lastname":"Hyland","username":"catherinehyland","profile":{"avatar":"\/users\/12039\/avatars\/nyoq539d723798a4.jpeg"}}},"image_filename":"\/users\/12039\/grant-submissions\/6875\/oxpzpy839b5c7053.jpg","video_meta":null},"image":{"id":177724,"filename":"\/users\/12039\/grant-submissions\/6875\/oxpzpy839b5c7053.jpg","created_at":"2017-10-12 17:10:47","updated_at":"2017-10-12 17:10:47"},"video":null}},{"id":151151,"grant_submission_id":13458,"story_block_id":122871,"image_id":177726,"position":4,"created_at":"2019-01-29 16:11:21","updated_at":"2019-01-29 16:14:42","caption":"In addition to taming the landscape through enclosure, one also observes the psychological control of the land through the giant statues of historical figures that have been erected across the places visited. In Lushan, a 128m high statue of the Buddha gazes serenely over the landscape, in Yuncheng, the warrior GuanYu (pictured) looks over the mountains, while in Mongolia, a giant statue of Genghis Khan dominates the world that he was destined to conquer. Here a number of surveillance strategies are at play, we have a multitude of gazes. From the Buddha\u2019s passive yet domineering acceptance to Khan\u2019s desire to conquer and dominate, these images show the opposing ways in which we psychologically manage a landscape that we are both part of and alien to. This is particulary relevant in China where fast-track urbanisation has alienated the population both from the countryside and from their own histories. As construction has changed the face of China\u2019s cities so the past has been eradicated, the humiliations of repeated invasion and occupation buried under a steel-sheathed mass of statement architecture.","caption_raw":"In addition to taming the landscape through enclosure, one also observes the psychological control of the land through the giant statues of historical figures that have been erected across the places visited. In Lushan, a 128m high statue of the Buddha gazes serenely over the landscape, in Yuncheng, the warrior GuanYu (pictured) looks over the mountains, while in Mongolia, a giant statue of Genghis Khan dominates the world that he was destined to conquer. Here a number of surveillance strategies are at play, we have a multitude of gazes. From the Buddha\u2019s passive yet domineering acceptance to Khan\u2019s desire to conquer and dominate, these images show the opposing ways in which we psychologically manage a landscape that we are both part of and alien to. This is particulary relevant in China where fast-track urbanisation has alienated the population both from the countryside and from their own histories. As construction has changed the face of China\u2019s cities so the past has been eradicated, the humiliations of repeated invasion and occupation buried under a steel-sheathed mass of statement architecture.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":177726,"filename":"\/users\/12039\/grant-submissions\/6875\/oxpzqra6730f19f2.jpg","created_at":"2017-10-12 17:11:15","updated_at":"2017-10-12 17:11:15"},"story_block":{"id":122871,"story_id":13389,"image_id":177726,"video_id":null,"caption":"","caption_raw":null,"position":4,"is_explicit":null,"is_admin_explicit":null,"is_legacy":0,"legacy_id":null,"created_at":"2017-10-12 17:48:41","updated_at":"2017-10-12 17:48:41","meta":{"is_liked":false,"like_count":0},"activity_attributes":{"story":{"title":"Universal Experience","started_at":"2016-01-01 00:01:00","ended_at":null,"slug":"universal-experience-8cde447f1d","place":"China","user":{"firstname":"Catherine","lastname":"Hyland","username":"catherinehyland","profile":{"avatar":"\/users\/12039\/avatars\/nyoq539d723798a4.jpeg"}}},"image_filename":"\/users\/12039\/grant-submissions\/6875\/oxpzqra6730f19f2.jpg","video_meta":null},"image":{"id":177726,"filename":"\/users\/12039\/grant-submissions\/6875\/oxpzqra6730f19f2.jpg","created_at":"2017-10-12 17:11:15","updated_at":"2017-10-12 17:11:15"},"video":null}},{"id":151152,"grant_submission_id":13458,"story_block_id":122872,"image_id":177728,"position":5,"created_at":"2019-01-29 16:11:21","updated_at":"2019-01-29 16:14:42","caption":"In addition to taming the landscape through enclosure, one also observes the psychological control of the land through the giant statues of historical figures that have been erected across the places visited. In Lushan, a 128m high statue of the Buddha gazes serenely over the landscape, in Yuncheng, the warrior GuanYu looks over the mountains, while in Mongolia (pictured) a giant Buddha, at 23 meters high looks over Buddha Park. Built in 2006 the Buddha Statue is made of material named U-light from Korea which is water and wind resistant for over 500 years. The Buddha statue is said to looks over the entire UB city and protects the city from any danger.","caption_raw":"In addition to taming the landscape through enclosure, one also observes the psychological control of the land through the giant statues of historical figures that have been erected across the places visited. In Lushan, a 128m high statue of the Buddha gazes serenely over the landscape, in Yuncheng, the warrior GuanYu looks over the mountains, while in Mongolia (pictured) a giant Buddha, at 23 meters high looks over Buddha Park. Built in 2006 the Buddha Statue is made of material named U-light from Korea which is water and wind resistant for over 500 years. The Buddha statue is said to looks over the entire UB city and protects the city from any danger.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":177728,"filename":"\/users\/12039\/grant-submissions\/6875\/oxpzr38d759a538f.jpg","created_at":"2017-10-12 17:11:27","updated_at":"2017-10-12 17:11:27"},"story_block":{"id":122872,"story_id":13389,"image_id":177728,"video_id":null,"caption":"","caption_raw":null,"position":5,"is_explicit":null,"is_admin_explicit":null,"is_legacy":0,"legacy_id":null,"created_at":"2017-10-12 17:48:41","updated_at":"2017-10-12 17:48:41","meta":{"is_liked":false,"like_count":0},"activity_attributes":{"story":{"title":"Universal Experience","started_at":"2016-01-01 00:01:00","ended_at":null,"slug":"universal-experience-8cde447f1d","place":"China","user":{"firstname":"Catherine","lastname":"Hyland","username":"catherinehyland","profile":{"avatar":"\/users\/12039\/avatars\/nyoq539d723798a4.jpeg"}}},"image_filename":"\/users\/12039\/grant-submissions\/6875\/oxpzr38d759a538f.jpg","video_meta":null},"image":{"id":177728,"filename":"\/users\/12039\/grant-submissions\/6875\/oxpzr38d759a538f.jpg","created_at":"2017-10-12 17:11:27","updated_at":"2017-10-12 17:11:27"},"video":null}},{"id":151153,"grant_submission_id":13458,"story_block_id":122873,"image_id":177729,"position":6,"created_at":"2019-01-29 16:11:21","updated_at":"2019-01-29 16:14:42","caption":"Look at the picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China\u2019s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It\u2019s alien, it\u2019s barren and it\u2019s dead. It\u2019s a wild landscape but at the same time it\u2019s a landscape that\u2019s been tamed for human consumption. The attempts to control and manage the landscape are both a part of this overcoming of the past, and also an attempt to transform nature into a theme park for contemporary consumption. Implicit in this attempt is the idea that the earthquakes, the landslides, the famines, invasions and the floods are a thing of a great and colourful past. They are part of a history that has been transformed into nostalgia. But at the same time, one recognises this might not be the case, that there might be an underlying anxiety to this enclosed world. It is a reminder that the land does not pay heed to humanity\u2019s wishes. It can and it will bite back no matter how much we try to tame it. The only question is when.","caption_raw":"Look at the picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China\u2019s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It\u2019s alien, it\u2019s barren and it\u2019s dead. It\u2019s a wild landscape but at the same time it\u2019s a landscape that\u2019s been tamed for human consumption. The attempts to control and manage the landscape are both a part of this overcoming of the past, and also an attempt to transform nature into a theme park for contemporary consumption. Implicit in this attempt is the idea that the earthquakes, the landslides, the famines, invasions and the floods are a thing of a great and colourful past. They are part of a history that has been transformed into nostalgia. But at the same time, one recognises this might not be the case, that there might be an underlying anxiety to this enclosed world. It is a reminder that the land does not pay heed to humanity\u2019s wishes. It can and it will bite back no matter how much we try to tame it. The only question is when.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":177729,"filename":"\/users\/12039\/grant-submissions\/6875\/oxpzr7a82f20974a.jpg","created_at":"2017-10-12 17:11:31","updated_at":"2017-10-12 17:11:31"},"story_block":{"id":122873,"story_id":13389,"image_id":177729,"video_id":null,"caption":"","caption_raw":null,"position":6,"is_explicit":null,"is_admin_explicit":null,"is_legacy":0,"legacy_id":null,"created_at":"2017-10-12 17:48:41","updated_at":"2017-10-12 17:48:41","meta":{"is_liked":false,"like_count":0},"activity_attributes":{"story":{"title":"Universal Experience","started_at":"2016-01-01 00:01:00","ended_at":null,"slug":"universal-experience-8cde447f1d","place":"China","user":{"firstname":"Catherine","lastname":"Hyland","username":"catherinehyland","profile":{"avatar":"\/users\/12039\/avatars\/nyoq539d723798a4.jpeg"}}},"image_filename":"\/users\/12039\/grant-submissions\/6875\/oxpzr7a82f20974a.jpg","video_meta":null},"image":{"id":177729,"filename":"\/users\/12039\/grant-submissions\/6875\/oxpzr7a82f20974a.jpg","created_at":"2017-10-12 17:11:31","updated_at":"2017-10-12 17:11:31"},"video":null}},{"id":151154,"grant_submission_id":13458,"story_block_id":122874,"image_id":177730,"position":7,"created_at":"2019-01-29 16:11:21","updated_at":"2019-01-29 16:14:42","caption":"Look at the picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China\u2019s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It\u2019s alien, it\u2019s barren and it\u2019s dead. It\u2019s a wild landscape but at the same time it\u2019s a landscape that\u2019s been tamed for human consumption. The attempts to control and manage the landscape are both a part of this overcoming of the past, and also an attempt to transform nature into a theme park for contemporary consumption. Implicit in this attempt is the idea that the earthquakes, the landslides, the famines, invasions and the floods are a thing of a great and colourful past. They are part of a history that has been transformed into nostalgia. But at the same time, one recognises this might not be the case, that there might be an underlying anxiety to this enclosed world. It is a reminder that the land does not pay heed to humanity\u2019s wishes. It can and it will bite back no matter how much we try to tame it. The only question is when.","caption_raw":"Look at the picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China\u2019s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It\u2019s alien, it\u2019s barren and it\u2019s dead. It\u2019s a wild landscape but at the same time it\u2019s a landscape that\u2019s been tamed for human consumption. The attempts to control and manage the landscape are both a part of this overcoming of the past, and also an attempt to transform nature into a theme park for contemporary consumption. Implicit in this attempt is the idea that the earthquakes, the landslides, the famines, invasions and the floods are a thing of a great and colourful past. They are part of a history that has been transformed into nostalgia. But at the same time, one recognises this might not be the case, that there might be an underlying anxiety to this enclosed world. It is a reminder that the land does not pay heed to humanity\u2019s wishes. It can and it will bite back no matter how much we try to tame it. The only question is when.","deleted_at":null,"image":{"id":177730,"filename":"\/users\/12039\/grant-submissions\/6875\/oxpzr879c1ccbff2.jpg","created_at":"2017-10-12 17:11:33","updated_at":"2017-10-12 17:11:33"},"story_block":{"id":122874,"story_id":13389,"image_id":177730,"video_id":null,"caption":"","caption_raw":null,"position":7,"is_explicit":null,"is_admin_explicit":null,"is_legacy":0,"legacy_id":null,"created_at":"2017-10-12 17:48:41","updated_at":"2017-10-12 17:48:41","meta":{"is_liked":false,"like_count":0},"activity_attributes":{"story":{"title":"Universal Experience","started_at":"2016-01-01 00:01:00","ended_at":null,"slug":"universal-experience-8cde447f1d","place":"China","user":{"firstname":"Catherine","lastname":"Hyland","username":"catherinehyland","profile":{"avatar":"\/users\/12039\/avatars\/nyoq539d723798a4.jpeg"}}},"image_filename":"\/users\/12039\/grant-submissions\/6875\/oxpzr879c1ccbff2.jpg","video_meta":null},"image":{"id":177730,"filename":"\/users\/12039\/grant-submissions\/6875\/oxpzr879c1ccbff2.jpg","created_at":"2017-10-12 17:11:33","updated_at":"2017-10-12 17:11:33"},"video":null}},{"id":151155,"grant_submission_id":13458,"story_block_id":122875,"image_id":177733,"position":8,"created_at":"2019-01-29 16:11:21","updated_at":"2019-01-29 16:14:42","caption":"Look at the picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China\u2019s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It\u2019s alien, it\u2019s barren and it\u2019s dead. It\u2019s a wild landscape but at the same time it\u2019s a landscape that\u2019s been tamed for human consumption. The attempts to control and manage the landscape are both a part of this overcoming of the past, and also an attempt to transform nature into a theme park for contemporary consumption. Implicit in this attempt is the idea that the earthquakes, the landslides, the famines, invasions and the floods are a thing of a great and colourful past. They are part of a history that has been transformed into nostalgia. But at the same time, one recognises this might not be the case, that there might be an underlying anxiety to this enclosed world. It is a reminder that the land does not pay heed to humanity\u2019s wishes. It can and it will bite back no matter how much we try to tame it. The only question is when.","caption_raw":"Look at the picture of the mineral-stained hills of Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park in China\u2019s Gansu Province and you feel human life slipping away. These are expansive images where the horizon disappears into a haze of barren mountainsides. There is no life here, no vegetation to soften the impression of aridity and heat. It\u2019s alien, it\u2019s barren and it\u2019s dead. It\u2019s a wild landscape but at the same time it\u2019s a landscape that\u2019s been tamed for human consumption. The attempts to control and manage the landscape are both a part of this overcoming of the past, and also an attempt to transform nature into a theme park for contemporary consumption. Implicit in this attempt is the idea that the earthquakes, the landslides, the famines, invasions and the floods are a thing of a great and colourful past. They are part of a history that has been transformed into nostalgia. But at the same time, one recognises this might not be the case, that there might be an underlying anxiety to this enclosed world. It is a reminder that the land does not pay heed to humanity\u2019s wishes. It can and it will bite back no matter how much we try to tame it. 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