Previously traveling in horse drawn carriages, Irish Travellers are commercial nomads engaged in metalworking, horse-trading and construction. Legal changes governing access to public lands and the establishment of halting sites, semi-permanent locations with services, has had far reaching ramifications on their traditions.
With a distinct identity, language and customs, officially recognised by the European Union and only recently recognised by the Irish government in 2017 after decades of campaigning, Irish Travellers have been documented as part of Irish society for centuries.
With a life expectancy 15 years lower than the general population*, both Travellers living in houses and those still living in caravans remain the most marginalised, economically disadvantaged and discriminated against community in contemporary Irish society.
*All Ireland Traveller Health Study 2010