2012 - 2013
Norilsk is a mining city northernmost of the polar circle with a population of more than 170 000. The city, its mines and metallurgical factories were constructed by prisoners of the Gulag.
60% of the present population is involved in the industrial process. Norilsk is the 7th most polluted city in the world. The average temperature is -10C, reaching lows of -55C in winter, when for two months the city is plunged into polar night.
The living conditions of the people of Norilsk are unique, making their plight incomparable.