Intersection - PhMuseum

Intersection

A. Tamboly

2014 - Ongoing

Stockholm, Sweden; Cairo, Muḩāfaz̧at al Qāhirah, Egypt; Athens, Attica, Greece; Prague, Praha, Czech Republic; Köln, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany; Alexandria, Egypt; Istanbul, Turkey; Sevilla, Andalusia, Spain; Budapest, Hungary; Garching bei München, Bavaria, Germany; Saxony, Germany; Italy; Paris, Île-de-France, France

For ancient civilisations like the Egyptians, Greek, Roman, and Persian, religion was an important part of people's life. this helped to shape different cultures and norms based on each one belief. Some believed in multiple gods or life after death. Most of the ancient monuments we have today are related to beliefs, Mythologies and the idea of a life after death. By the time of Abraham, the idea of religion changed, Abraham appealed for worshipping a single almighty God and rebelled against the worship of multiple gods and paganism in general. The major Abrahamic religions in chronological order of founding are Judaism in the 7th century BCE, Christianity in the 1st century CE, and Islam in the 7th century CE. Christianity, Islam, and Judaism are the Abrahamic religions with the greatest numbers of adherents. We are usually aware of the differences and the conflicts between the religions that could be heated up sometimes to discuss. This project is demonstrating the similarity and difference, the intersection points between the three religions and their religious housing. A major part of each religious building is the ornamented ceilings. While Christians use paintings of angels and humans a lot, both Muslims and Jews avoid this in their buildings. Over the centuries we could see a certain dialogue between the three religions, through replicating, adapting or reforming of elements from each other. I cover in my project different religious houses spread around Europe and the Middle East and dug deeper into it to have a better understanding of the dialogue and exchange that has been going between the three religions in the times of war and peace.

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  • Hagia Sophia, Istanbul – Byzantine architecture - 537
    It was the world's largest building and an engineering marvel of its time. It is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture and is said to have changed the history of architecture.
    Byzantine ChristianCathedral (537–1054)
    Greek OrthodoxCathedral (1054–1204)
    Roman CatholicCathedral (1204–1261)
    Greek OrthodoxCathedral (1261–1453)
    Ottoman Mosque (1453–1931)
    Museum (1935–present)

  • St Nicholas Church of Piraeus – Greek orthodox

  • The Sultan Qalawun complex, Cairo – 1285
    The complex including Hospital, School and Mausoleum took 13 months to build. It was built over the ruins of the Fatimid Palace of Cairo. The Mausoleum considered to be the second most beautiful mausoleum after Taj Mahal.

  • Seville Cathedral ( The Cathedral of Saint Mary of the See), Sevilla – 1401-1528
    It is the third-largestchurch in the world as well as the largest Gothic church and the largest cathedral in the world. After its completion in the early 16th century, Seville Cathedral supplanted Hagia Sophia as the largest cathedral in the world with a total area of 23,500 square meters. Shortly after Seville's conquest by Ferdinand III, Yaqub Yusuf's mosque was converted into the city's cathedral. Its orientation was changed and its spaces partitioned and adorned to suit Christian worship practicesThe Giralda (105m hight)is the former minaret of the mosque that stood on the site under Muslim rule, and was built to resemble the minaret of the Koutoubia Mosque in Marrakech, Morocco. It was converted into a bell tower for the cathedral after the Reconquista,

  • St. John's Church, Stockholm -Gothic revival – 1890
    Designer by Carl Möller in neo-Gothic style work started on  September 14, 1883.

  • The Spanish Synagogue, Prague – Andalusian Moorish architecture- 1868
    Is the most recent synagogue in the Prague Jewish Town.
    Built in 1868 for the local Reform congregation on the site of the 12th-century Altschul, which was the oldest synagogue in the Prague ghetto.
    It was called the Spanish Synagogue for its impressive Moorish interior design, influenced by the famous Alhambra. 

  • Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi Mosque. Alexandria -1309
    The mosque was redesigned and built in today's current form by Eugenio Valzania and Mario Rossi in the years 1929/1945, and was highly influenced by Egypt's Old Cairo buildings and architecture.

  • Madrasa and Sabil of Sultan Qansuh al-Ghuri Complex, Cairo – Mamluk architecture -1503 – 1505
    Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Barquq - is a religious complex in Islamic Cairo – Memluk architecture – 1284 - 1386 
    is a religious complex in Islamic Cairo. It was commissioned by Sultan al-Zahir Barquq as a school for religious education in the four Islamic schools of thought, composed of a mosque, madrassa, mausoleum and khanqah.

  • St clement church, prague - Barock catholic church - 1711 - 1715
    designed by František Kaňka and built by Antonio Lurago on the site of an older Gothic church, where the Dominicans in 1227 founded their monastery, which was destroyed by Hussite Protestants in 1420.

  • The Dohány Street Synagogue or Grand Synagogue, Budapest -  Moorish Revival style - 1854 – 1859
    the largest synagogue in Europe[1], seating 3,000 people and is a centre of Neolog Judaism. the decoration based chiefly on Islamic models from North Africa and medieval Spain (the Alhambra).

  • Church of St. Louis of the French, Rome - 1589
    commissioned by the Medici family.

  • Maisel Synagogue, Prague – neo-gothic – 1590-1592
    The construction of the synagogue was initiated by Mordechai Maisel, a businessman. It was built at the end of the 16th century which is considered to be the golden age of the ghetto. Since then its appearance has changed several times.

  • Al-Rifa'i Mosque or the Royal Mosque, Cairo - 1869 – 1912
    It is the Khedival Mausoleum of the Royal Family of Muhammad Ali Pasha. The building is located opposite the Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan,[1] which dates from around 1361, and was architecturally conceived as a complement to the older structure.

  • Santa Maria di Loreto, Rome – 1507-1582
    Built by the association of bakers and it has an octagonal floor plan. The church was built on the top of an earlier 15th century chapel.

  • Amir Qijmas Al-Ishaqi Mosque, Cairo – Memluk era – 1480
    commissioned by the Burji Mamluk Emir Qijmas al-Ishaqi who served during the rule of Sultan Qaitbay. Located in the old islamic center of Cairo. The mosque is known for being featured on the 50 Egyptian pound bill.

  • Theatine Church, Munich – catholic church – 1663-1690
    The church was built in Italian high-Baroque style, inspired by Sant'Andrea della Valle in Rome. During the Second World War the church was bombed. The restoration began in 1946, and was largely completed by 1955.

  • St. Nikolai, Leipzig - 1165
    In the 18th century, several works by Johann Sebastian Bach, who was the music director of Nikolaikirche and of St. Thomas Church from 1723–50, premiered here. The Neoclassical interior dates to the late 18th century. It was built originally in the Romanesque style (with twin towers) but was extended and enlarged in the early 16th century in the Gothic style. The Baroque main tower was added in 1730; the portal dates from 1759.

  • Synagogue in Prague

  • St. Gereon's Basilica, Cologne – Roman Catholic church -1220
    It is the largest dome built in the West between the erection of the Hagia Sophia in the 6th century and the Duomo of Florencein the 15th century.


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